Mechanical Engineering (University of Ottawa)
University of Ottawa
Room A-205 Colonel By Hall
Chair of the Department: W.L.H. Hallett
Graduate Studies Officer: R. Milane
The Department of Mechanical Engineering is one of the two
constituents of the Ottawa-Carleton Institute for Mechanical
and Aerospace Engineering. Consult the Institute's section in
this Calendar for a faculty list, graduate program
descriptions, and admission requirements.
Programs of research and study are offered in several areas.
Most research projects in the Department are in the general
fields of thermofluids, solid mechanics, materials and design,
manufacturing, and industrial engineering. Members of the
Department are engaged in research on the following topics:
elasticity, plasticity, viscoelasticity, micromechanics of
solids, stress analysis of shells, shell dynamics, structural
dynamics, strength of materials, vibration, flow-induced
vibration, hot working of metals, welding, time and temperature
dependent solid state processes, constitutive relations of
plasticity and fracture, fibre composite materials , automated
manufacturing of composites, two-phase heat transfer and fluid
flow related to nuclear reactors, two-phase thermosyphons,
turbulent flow structure, turbulent diffusion, flow and heat
transfer in rod bundles, hemodynamics of cardiac assist
devices, supersonic aerodynamics, thermal spraying processes,
computational fluid dynamics, flow visualization, heat
exchangers, power generation, liquid fuel combustion, fuel bed
combustion, integrated computer-aided design systems,
computer-aided manufacturing and automation, computer control
of mechanical systems, robot design and control, computer
vision for control of machines, reliability modeling, human
reliability, common-cause failures, transit system reliability,
and power production system reliability.
Research is conducted in large, modern and well-equipped
laboratories containing wind tunnels, water tunnels, two-phase
heat transfer and fluid flow loops, submerged arc welders,
computer controlled filament winder, triaxial composite
braider, material testing apparatus including
computer-controlled tensile machine, hydraulic fatigue testing
machine and impact tester, metallographic apparatus,
instrumented GTA welding facility, high-speed data acquisition
systems, shaker table, a state of the art CAD/CAM facility,
robots, computer controllers, computer controlled machine
tools, fuel bed combustor, high pressure droplet chamber,
supersonic cold spray system.
Not all of the following courses are offered in a given
year. For an up-to-date statement of course offerings please
consult the class schedule at central.carleton.ca
- MAAJ 5001 [0.5 credit] (MCG 5101)
- Theory of Elasticity
- Analysis of stress and strain. Stress and strain
tensors. Yield criteria laws of elasticity and general
theorems. Stress functions. Two-dimensional problems in
rectangular and polar coordinates. Applications in plates
and shells. Strain energy techniques. Application of
numerical analysis to elasticity problems.
- MAAJ 5002 [0.5 credit] (MCG 5102)
- Advanced Stress Analysis
- Solutions to special beam problems including beams on
elastic foundations, curved beams, multi-span beams, etc.
and some axisymmetric problems. The significance of
assumptions is discussed and solution techniques including
series solutions and energy methods are utilized.
- MAAJ 5003 [0.5 credit] (MCG 5103)
- Theory of Perfectly Plastic Solids
- Inelastic behaviour, model materials. Yield criteria
and flow laws. Energy principles. Contained plastic
deformation. Plane strain. Slipline fields. Applications to
- MAAJ 5004 [0.5 credit] (MCG 5104)
- Theory of Plates and Shells
- A general coverage of various approaches to plate
problems and the application of these methods to practical
cases. A study of the theory of shells including
deformation of shells without bending, stresses under
various loading conditions, general theory of shells,
shells forming surfaces of revolution.
- MAAJ 5005 [0.5 credit] (MCG 5105)
- Continuum Mechanics
- Fundamental equations of continuum mechanics.
Thermodynamics of continua. Rheological equations.
Hamilton's principle for continua. Analytical solution of
some elasticity and incompressible fluid dynamic problems.
Extension to viscoelasticity and plasticity. Sound waves.
Shock waves. Numerical methods of solution.
- MAAJ 5006 [0.5 credit] (MCG 5106)
- Advanced Topics in Elasticity
- Algebraic computation software. Curved solids.
Governing equations of planar elastostatics in Cartesian
coordinates. Governing equations of plates. Linear shell
theory in curvilinear coordinates. Introduction to
non-linear elastostatics. Non-linear shell theory.
Instability of cylindrical shells. Thick and thin shell
- MAAJ 5007 [0.5 credit] (MCG 5107)
- Advanced Dynamics with Applications
- Review of Euler/Newton and D'Alembert formulation,
Euler Angles, Gyrodynamics, analysis and response of
rotating machinery. Lagrangian synamics, generalized
coordinates, virtual work, generalized forces and the power
function. System constraint forces and equilibrium.
Modeling and formulation of multi-degree of greedom
vibrational, electro-mechanical, dissipative systems and
other engineering applications.
- MAAJ 5008 [0.5 credit] (MCG 5108)
- Finite Element Analysis
- Review of matrix algebra and structural mechanics.
Direct and variational approaches in the FE analysis of a
continuum. Elastic plane stress, plane strain, axisymmetric
and three-dimensional elasticity. Elementary FE
programming. Isoparametric concept, conforming and
non-conforming elements. Thin and thick plates. Thin and
thick shells, axisymmetric shells. Steady-state field
problems. Intermediate FE programming. Introduction to FE
software. Applications in mechanical engineering.
- MAAJ 5009 [0.5 credit] (MCG 5109)
- Advanced Topics in Finite Element Analysis
- Finite elements and their solution techniques.
Multilayered plate, shell and continua. Eigenvalue and
transient analysis, material and geometric non-linearities.
Applications to fracture mechanics. Steady and transient
state heat conduction. Potential flow. Creeping flow and
incompressible viscous flow with inertia.
- MAAJ 5100 [0.5 credit] (MCG 5110)
- Micromechanics of Solids
- Introduction. Classes of materials in micromechanics.
Cartesian tensor notation. Random theory of deformation.
Analysis of stress, strain and motion. The stochastic
deformation process. Structured materials and intelligent
systems. Experimental approaches.
- MAAJ 5101 [0.5 credit] (MCG 5111)
- Gas Dynamics
- Review of thermodynamics of perfect gases. Conservation
equations. Wave propagation in compressible media. Normal
and oblique shock waves. Prandtl-Meyer expansion fans.
Applications. Ideal gas flow in ducts of variable section,
friction, heat transfer. Method of characteristics.
Imperfect gas effects, dissociation, ionization. Methods of
- MAAJ 5104 [0.5 credit] (MCG 5114)
- Analysis and Design of Pressure Vessels
- Principles of design, materials, preliminary layout.
Elastic analysis of axisymmetric shells. Discontinuity
analysis. Numerical methods, nozzle-shell analysis. Plastic
collapse, fatigue, fracture, creep, buckling.
- MAAJ 5105 [0.5 credit] (MCG 5115)
- Non-Linear Optimization
- Formulation of optimization problems. Unconstrained
optimization: direct search techniques, gradient
techniques. Constrained optimization: by unconstrained
minimization, by direct methods. Mathematical programming.
Geometric programming. Dynamic programming. Examples and
applications in Mechanical Engineering topics.
- MAAJ 5107 [0.5 credit] (MCG 5117)
- Introduction to Composite Materials
- Review of strengthening mechanism in metals and
polymers. Fibre-reinforced composite materials:
strengthening mechanisms, prediction of strengths and
moduli, specific properties, fracture mechanisms,
toughness, fatigue, creep, effect of environment;
fabrication methods and engineering applications.
Laminates; mechanical properties and engineering
- MAAJ 5108 [0.5 credit] (MCG 5118)
- Introduction to Plasticity
- The analysis of stress and strain in elastic and
plastic continuum. Time independent plastic deformation.
The microscopic basis of plastic behaviour. Rate dependent
deformation. The effect of temperature. Materials testing.
- MAAJ 5109 [0.5 credit] (MCG 5119)
- Fracture Mechanics
- Stress concentration in elastic and plastic media. The
energy condition, crack resistance, compliance, the J.
integral. Crack arrest. Plain strain and plain stress
behaviour. The microscopic aspects of crack propagation.
The effect of temperature. Fatigue, stress corrosion
cracking, and creep fracture. Probabilistic fracture.
- MAAJ 5206 [0.5 credit] (MCG 5126)
- Deformation of Materials
- The deformation and fracture properties of metals,
ceramics and polymers. Introduction to dislocation theory.
Rheological models. Analysis and interpretation of constant
strain rate, constant stress and stress relaxation tests in
terms of the material structure.
- MAAJ 5209 [0.5 credit] (MCG 5129)
- Hot Working of Metals
- High temperature mechanical properties in metal. Types
of recovery, recrystallization and precipitation in metals
and their effects on hot strength and structure. Hot
rolling metals. Selection of rolling schedules. Influence
of as-rolled structures on room temperature tensile and
fracture stresses, impact strength.
- MAAJ 5301 [0.5 credit] (MCG 5131)
- Heat Transfer by Conduction
- Steady one-dimensional systems. Equations of Bessel and
Legendre. Extended surface. Fourier series and integration
of partial differential equations. Steady two-dimensional
systems. Steady-state numerical methods. Steady heat source
systems. Steady porous systems. Transient systems;
stationary and moving sources. Transient numerical
- MAAJ 5302 [0.5 credit] (MCG 5132)
- Heat Transfer by Convection
- General problems of convection. Fundamental equations.
Boundary layer equations. Forced convection in laminar
flow. Forced convection in turbulent flow. Free convection.
Condensing and boiling. Heat transfer to liquid metals.
Heat transfer in high-speed flow. Special topics.
- MAAJ 5303 [0.5 credit] (MCG 5133)
- Heat Transfer by Radiation
- Thermal radiation and radiation properties. Radiant
interchange among surfaces separated by radiatively
non-participating media. Radiant energy transfer through
absorbing, emitting and scattering media. Combined
conduction and radiation. Combined convection and
- MAAJ 5304 [0.5 credit] (MCG 5134)
- Heat Transfer with Phase Change
- Pool boiling. Hydrodynamics of two-phase flow. Flow
boiling and flow boiling crisis. Instability of two-phase
- MAAJ 5306 [0.5 credit] (MCG 5136)
- Special Studies in Fluid Mechanics and Heat
- Current topics in the field.
- MAAJ 5307 [0.5 credit] (MCG 5137)
- Special Studies in Solid Mechanics and
- Current topics in the field.
- MAAJ 5308 [0.5 credit] (MCG 5138)
- Advanced Topics in Mechanical Engineering
- Current topics in the field.
- MAAJ 5401 [0.5 credit] (MCG 5141)
- Statistical Thermodynamics
- Kinetic theory of an ideal gas. The distribution of
molecular velocities. Transport phenomena.
Maxwell-Boltzmann statistics. Quantum mechanics. Quantum
statistics. Partition functions. Partition functions and
thermodynamic properties. Derivations of specific heats of
gases. Gas mixtures. Law of mass action.
- MAAJ 5408 [0.5 credit] (MCG 5551)
- Théorie d'Écoulement Visqueux
- Dérivation des solutions exactes des équations de
Navier-Stokes. Écoulement à petit nombre de Reynolds.
Écoulement de Stokes. Écoulement d'Oseen. Théorie de
lubrification. Couches limites laminaires. Introduction à
la stabilité hydrodynamique.
- MAAJ 5409 [0.5 credit] (MCG 5552)
- Théorie de Turbulence
- Révision des théories fondamentales et des résultats
expérimentaux des théorie isotropique locale. Turbulence
isotropique, contrainte homogène des écoulements,
écoulements turbulents dans les tuyaux et les canaux, jets,
sillages, couches limites. Diffusion turbulente. Modèles de
- MAAJ 5500 [0.5 credit] (MCG 5557)
- Méthodes Numériques en Mécanique des
- Équations primitives. Méthodes de différences finies.
Méthodes intégrales. Critère de stabilité. Calcul des
écoulements transitoires laminaires tri-dimensionnels.
Méthodes MAC de Los Alamos. Calcul des écoulements
multidimensionnels turbulents. Modèles de turbulence.
Méthode numérique de Gosman.
- MAAJ 5501 [0.5 credit] (MCG 5151)
- Laminar Flow Theory
- Derivation and exact solutions of the Navier-Stokes
equations. Low Reynolds number flows, Stokes flow. Oseen
flow, lubrication theory. Laminar boundary layers.
Introduction to hydrodynamic stability.
- MAAJ 5502 [0.5 credit] (MCG 5152)
- Theory of Turbulence
- Review of the basic theories and experimental results
of turbulent flow. Universal equilibrium theory, locally
isotropic theories, isotropic turbulence, homogeneous shear
flow, turbulent pipe and channel flow, jets, wakes,
boundary layers. Turbulent diffusion of passive
contaminants. Modeling of turbulence.
- MAAJ 5505 [0.5 credit] (MCG 5155)
- Inviscid Flow Theory
- Langrangian and Eulerian description of fluid motion.
Euler equations, velocity potential, irrotational flow,
stream function, singular flows. Conformal mapping,
Schwarz-Christoffel theorems. Airfoil theory, circulation
- MAAJ 5506 [0.5 credit] (MCG 5156)
- Measurement in Fluid Mechanics
- Review of the common experimental techniques used in
fluid mechanical research and applications. Flow
visualization techniques. Hot-wire anemometry.
Laser-Doppler anemometry. Measurement of concentration,
temperature, force, pressure.
- MAAJ 5507 [0.5 credit] (MCG 5157)
- Numerical Computation of Fluid Dynamics and Heat
- Governing equations. Explicit, implicit, finite
difference and control volume procedures for approximating
the parabolic and elliptic sets of partial differential
equations and boundary conditions. Numerical solution by
direct and iterative Gauss-Seidel relaxation methods.
Considerations of stability, convergence, and numerical
diffusion. Computational problems.
- MAAJ 5508 [0.5 credit] (MCG 5158)
- Industrial Fluid Mechanics
- Application of simple flows to analysis of more complex
systems. Pipe and duct systems, flow separation and
control, aerosols, separation of particulates from flow,
cavitation, unsteady flow.
- MAAJ 5509 [0.5 credit] (MCG 5159)
- Advanced Production Planning and Control
- The principles of production management. Methods
engineering, manufacturing control. Recording and
evaluation of operations. Financial and production
planning. Inventory control. Automation. Factory
- MAAJ 5601 [0.5 credit] (MCG 5161)
- Environmental Engineering
- Thermodynamic considerations. Physiological reactions
of humans to different environments. Principles of
ventilation, distribution and cleaning of air. Illumination
- MAAJ 5608 [0.5 credit] (MCG 5168)
- Industrial Organization
- Principles of organization. Production processes.
Organization and planning production. Evaluation of
production activities. The economics of production.
Planning for economy. Information engineering.
- MAAJ 5609 [0.5 credit] (MCG 5169)
- Advanced Topics in Reliability Engineering
- Overview of classical reliability concepts. Fault tree
construction and evaluation. Common-cause failure analysis
of engineering systems. Human reliability modeling in
engineering systems. Human unreliability data banks. Three
state device systems. Delta-star and Mellin transforms
reliability determination techniques. Models to compute
reliability of on-surface transportation vehicles.
Reliability techniques applications in advanced engineering
- MAAJ 5700 [0.5 credit] (MCG 5170)
- History and current technologies of CAD/CAM. Design
software; graphical representation analysis, and
optimization. Parameter design and software integration.
Course is project oriented.
- MAAJ 5701 [0.5 credit] (MCG 5171)
- Applied Reliability Theory
- Coherent systems. Paths and cuts representation.
State-space representation. Observability and
controllability. Failure rate. Repair time. System
reliability estimation: binomial model. Strength stress
model. Failure detection and isolation. Multiple sensors.
Model based methods. Expert system approach. Analytical
- MAAJ 5702 [0.5 credit] (MCG 5172)
- Introduction to Management of Automation (Robotics
and Numerical Control)
- Administrative concept of automation, robotics and
numerical control; elements of flexible manufacturing
systems. Process design in automation. Role of automation
in the administration of manufacturing and project
engineering. Optimization in the design of computer
assisted manufacturing (CAM). State of art review.
- MAAJ 5703 [0.5 credit] (MCG 5173)
- Systems Engineering and Integration
- State space representation. Observability,
controllability, state estimation. Parameter
identification. Steady-state and transient performance.
Stability. Monitoring and regulation. Discretization
effects. System integration. Bandwidth coordination.
Technological systems design examples.
- MAAJ 5706 [0.5 credit] (MCG 5176)
- Industrial Control Systems
- Concept, analysis and design of classical and modern
industrial control systems. Computer based control systems
for robotics, automation, manufacturing and instrumentation
applications. Design project of industrial control and
automation systems. Precludes additional credit for MCG
- MAAJ 5707 [0.5 credit] (MCG 5177)
- Robot Mechanics
- Robotics overview. Transformations. Basics of robot
kinematics, statics and dynamics. Introduction to practical
robots, control and programming. Project in analysis,
design or application of manipulators. Precludes additional
credit for MCG 4132.
- MAAJ 5708 [0.5 credit] (MCG 5178)
- Advanced Topics in CAD/CAM
- Overview of totally integrated CAD/CAM systems. Details
of design and manufacturing software tools. Methods of
linking design and manufacturing tools to form an
integrated CAD/CAM system. Students will undertake projects
that will provide them with hands-on experience.
- MAAJ 5709 [0.5 credit] (MCG 5179)
- Manufacturing System Analysis
- Manufacturing systems, system selection, cost
justification. Flexible and agile, group technology
cellular manufacturing operations. Transfer and assembly
line systems. Material transport and storage systems.
Process planning, tolerance analysis, Taguchi methods.
Manufacturing and assembly. Just-in-time production.
Quality function deployment.
- MAAJ 5800 [0.5 credit] (MCG 5180)
- Fibre Composite Materials II
- Computer-automated manufacturing techniques. Advanced
topics in composite design: lamination theory. interlaminar
stresses and free edge effects, lamina and laminate failure
theories. Principles of non-destructive testing. Individual
projects involving the design, manufacturing and testing of
a fibre composite component or material. Limited
- Prerequisite: MCG5117 (MAAJ 5107) or permission of the
- MAAJ 5801 [0.5 credit] (MCG 5181)
- Advanced Vibrations
- Kinematics of vibrations, the single-degree-of-freedom
system, without and with damping, two degrees of freedom,
several degrees of freedom, vibration of shafts, critical
speeds, complex presentation, influence coefficients,
matrix method, stability of solution, approximate
- MAAJ 5802 [0.5 credit] (MCG 5182)
- Theory of Elastic Instability
- Considerations of instability with respect to small
deformation. Differential equations for linear elements.
Conservative and non-conservative force systems. Energy
methods. Instability in beams. Instability of elements
curved in a plane. Applications of trigonometric series.
Stability of linear members in the inelastic zone.
- MAAJ 5804 [0.5 credit] (MCG 5184)
- Models for passive and active components for
electro-mechanical systems. Network representation of
signals and energy transmission and conversion. Selection
of sensors and actuators for the control of mechanical
systems. Modelling and simulation for the design of mixed
dynamic systems. Precludes additional credit for MCG
- MAAJ 5805 [0.5 credit] (MCG 5185)
- Multivariable Digital Control
- Quantization. Z-Transform. State equations. Jordan
canonical form. Multirate and nonsynchronous samplings.
Controllability and observability of digital systems.
Digital controllers design using bilinear transformation.
Digital PID controller. Stability. Optimal control of
digital systems. Examples of controlling mechanical system
- MAAJ 5806 [0.5 credit] (MCG 5186)
- Non-Linear Discontinuous Dynamics and
- Hamiltonian dynamics. Hamiltonian control systems.
Lyapunov dynamics. Decoupling. Phase space analysis.
Switching and sliding mode control. Boundary layer
continuous approximation. Actuator, sensors and controller
requirements. Manipulation control examples.
- MAAJ 5901 [0.5 credit] (MCG 5191)
- Combustion in Premixed Systems
- Stoichiometry, thermo-chemistry, ignition, flame
propagation, flame stabilization, diffusion flames,
turbulent combustion, modeling.
- MAAJ 5902 [0.5 credit] (MCG 5192)
- Combustion in Diffusion Systems
- Gaseous jet flames, combustion of liquid droplets,
atomization, spray flames, coal combustion, fluidized bed
- MCG 6000
- Mechanical Engineering Report
- For students in the course work master's program
working on the Engineering Report.
- MCG 7999
- M.A.Sc. Thesis
- For students working towards their master's
- MCG 9997
- Preparation for Ph.D. Thesis Proposal
- Following completion of the comprehensive examination,
registration required for all Ph.D. candidates until the
thesis proposal is accepted by the advisory committee.
- MCG 9998
- Preparation for Ph.D. Comprehensive
- Registration required for all Ph.D. candidates until
the comprehensive examination is passed.
- MCG 9999
- Ph.D. Thesis
- For students working towards the Ph.D. thesis.