Carleton University Canada's 
Capital University
 

Graduate Calendar Archives: 2007 / 2008

International Affairs

 

1401 Dunton Tower
Telephone: 613-520-6655
Fax: 613-520-2889
Email: international_affairs@carleton.ca
Web site: carleton.ca/npsia/

The School

Director of the School: Fen O. Hampson
Associate Director: Dane Rowlands

The Norman Paterson School of International Affairs (NPSIA) was established in the mid-1960s with the generous support of the late Senator Norman M. Paterson to encourage and promote graduate study and professional research and publications in the field of international affairs. The NPSIA program is interdisciplinary, reflecting the philosophy that exposure to a range of disciplines is necessary to develop an understanding of our complex global environment.

NPSIA is a long-standing member of the Association of Professional Schools of International Affairs (APSIA), an association of the leading graduate programs in international affairs in countries that include the United States, France, Japan, and Russia. Like other APSIA schools NPSIA's raison d'Ítre is the training of students for leadership in a world in which the destinies of all countries are increasingly linked by considerations of conflict resolution and peacebuilding, international trade and finance, development, and the sharing of human and natural resources. Many professionals currently working in the sphere of international affairs are alumni of APSIA graduate programs. Like its peers in APSIA, NPSIA is proud of its reputation for producing diverse, well-educated and sophisticated international affairs professionals.

NPSIA offers programs leading to a Qualifying Year, M.A. and Ph.D. Degrees.

NPSIA's M.A. program emphasises imparting professional skills as well as knowledge. Our courses are policy as opposed to theoretically oriented and frequently involve the use of case studies and simulations. The majority of our students see the M.A. as their path to the workforce. NPSIA graduates find employment in Canada and abroad in government departments, non-governmental and international organizations, and the private sector. More detailed information on the range of jobs held by NPSIA graduates can be found on our Web site.

The M.A. program is organized around seven clusters:

  • International Trade Policy
  • Global Political Economy
  • Conflict Analysis and Conflict Resolution
  • Intelligence and National Security
  • International Institutions and Global Governance
  • International Dimensions of Development
  • Human Security and Development

Students are encouraged to include at least one regional course in their degree program to provide an area focus to their studies. NPSIA offers a range of regional courses that can be linked to relevant course clusters to give students some regional expertise. NPSIA cooperates closely with the Institute of European and Russian Studies and with committees organized to encourage and coordinate faculty and student interests in Africa, Asia and Latin America.

NPSIA's Ph.D. is an interdisciplinary degree focusing on international policymaking processes and institutions. The Ph.D. program is designed to equip our students with advanced training and research skills suitable for an academic career, or for more senior policy analysis and research positions in government and non-governmental institutions.

NPSIA has a specialized Resource Centre staffed by a full-time information specialist. Students and faculty have access to a broad range of current research materials, using the resources of the national capital area as well as internet-based bibliographic services across the range of issues and regions on which courses are offered.

Qualifying-Year Program

Admission Requirements

The qualifying-year program is designed to enable students with at least high honours standing, but with an inadequate background in the disciplines relevant to the M.A. program, to make up deficiencies. The qualifying year program is not intended as a grade raising opportunity. Candidates with a high standing in a general (3-year) bachelor's degree, in a discipline closely related to international affairs, will be required to take five full qualifying-year credits before being eligible to enter the master's program. Those with a B.A.(Honours) degree in an unr elated discipline may be required to take at least three full qualifying-year credits before being eligible to enter the master's program.

Students in the qualifying year are encouraged to select a cluster or clusters in which they are interested and to take courses that will prepare them for graduate work in that cluster. Courses in anthropology, economics, geography, history, law, political science, and sociology, among other disciplines, are recommended. Students may also wish to select an area emphasis and to take courses that will enable them, in the M.A. year, to engage in specialized study of a region having particular relevance to the cluster(s) they have identified. Students should also be cognizant of the language requirement at the M.A. level and, if necessary, take the appropriate courses to enable them to fulfil that requirement.

Students who have not previously completed a full-year introductory course in economics must do so as part of their Qualifying Year program.

Other courses will be selected in consultation with the Associate Director.

Admission to the qualifying year does not guarantee admission to the M.A. program. To be considered for admission to the M.A. program, students in the qualifying year are expected to achieve the equivalent of high honours standing. Students in the qualifying year are considered for admission to the M.A. program at the same time as other applicants; if qualifying-year students are not admitted to the M.A. program in the first round of admissions, subsequent decisions on their admission will depend on performance and the availability of space in the M.A. program.

Guidelines for Completion of Qualifying Year

Candidates admitted to the qualifying-year program on a full-time basis must complete all requirements during the fall and winter terms after initial registration.

Master of Arts

Admission Requirements

The minimum requirement for admission into the master's program is a B.A. (Honours) degree in a discipline related to international affairs.

Under current practice, at least a high honours standing is normally required for consideration for admission to the program.

Applicants may submit Graduate Record Examination aptitude test scores; in some circumstances, students may be required to submit GRE scores.

The Faculty of Graduate Studies and Research requires applicants whose native tongue is not English to be tested for proficiency in English. NPSIA applicants must submit a CAEL Assessment™ score of a minimum of 70 or a TOEFL score of 250 computer-based or 600 regular.

Students admitted to the NPSIA M.A. program must have successfully completed 1.0 credit in introductory economics (microeconomics and macroeconomics) before starting the program. Students who have not completed one credit of introductory economics at the time of their application will have their admission into the program made conditional upon its successful completion prior to registration. In some cases where the student is deemed by the admissions committee to have an insufficient background in international affairs they may be required to complete up to two additional courses as part of their M.A. program. Students who are uncertain about whether they meet the background requirements are encouraged to contact the School of International Affairs.

The deadline for completed applications is January 31. The deadline for consideration for financial assistance is also January 31. Applicants are responsible for ensuring that their completed applications are received at NPSIA by the deadline.

Program Requirements

Students may follow either a thesis/research essay program or a course work program.

Thesis/Research Essay Program

The program requirements for M.A. students in international affairs are:

  • Completion of INAF 5001 Policy and Methods for International Affairs and one of INAF 5009, INAF 5205, INAF 5308, INAF 5309 or INAF 5600 depending on a student's choice of cluster. If a student is deemed to have completed the equivalent of the NPSIA economics course associated with his/her cluster an alternative NPSIA economics course must be taken. If the student has taken the equivalent of the designated economics course for his/her cluster and has completed the equivalent of INAF 5009, INAF 5308 and INAF 5309 he/she must substitute another NPSIA course;
  • A student deemed to have completed the equivalent of the NPSIA economics course associated with his/her cluster must take an alternative NPSIA economics course. If the student has taken the equivalent of INAF 5009, INAF 5308 and INAF 5309 he/she must substitute another NPSIA course;
  • Completion of at least two designated courses from the student's chosen cluster;
  • 1.0 approved course work credits in international affairs or related disciplines, if a student elects to write a thesis;
  • 2.0 approved course work credits in international affairs or related disciplines, if a student elects to write a research essay;
  • A thesis (equivalent to 2.0 credits) or a research essay (equivalent to 1.0 credit) involving original research on an approved subject in international affairs relating to the student's cluster choice;
  • Full-time students are expected to submit a thesis/research essay proposal by the end of January following their first term of study in the program; part-time students are expected to submit a thesis/research proposal after completion of half of their course requirements;
  • An ability to read a second major international language, or a language appropriate to a student's major research interest;
  • English-speaking Canadian students are expected to develop a proficiency in French;
  • An oral comprehensive examination on the thesis or research essay in their general field of study to determine the candidate's ability to relate various disciplines to the study of international affairs.

Course Work Program

  • Completion of INAF 5001 Policy and Methods for International Affairs and one of INAF 5009, INAF 5205, INAF 5308, INAF 5309 or INAF 5600 depending on a student's choice of cluster. If a student is deemed to have completed the equivalent of the NPSIA economics course associated with his/her cluster an alternative NPSIA economics course must be taken. If the student has taken the equivalent of the designated economics course for his/her cluster and has completed the equivalent of INAF 5009, INAF 5308 and INAF 5309 he/she must substitute another NPSIA course;
  • A student deemed to have completed the equivalent of the NPSIA economics course associated with their his/her cluster must take an alternative NPSIA economics course. If the student has taken the equivalent of INAF 5009, INAF 5308 and INAF 5309 he/she must substitute another NPSIA course;
  • Completion of at least two designated courses from the student's chosen cluster;
  • Three approved courses selected as in thesis/research essay program excluding INAF 5908/INAF 5909;
  • Language requirement as in thesis/research essay program;
  • An oral comprehensive examination (INAF 5907) to determine the candidate's ability to relate various disciplines to the study of International Affairs. The examination will be taken in a term designated by the student that allows them to complete the Master's program within the stipulated period referred to in Guidelines for the Completion of the Master's Degree, after completing at least three full credits and all required courses. Students will identify five courses as the basis for their defence. These courses include the required economics course, INAF 5001, two courses from the student's designated cluster, and any other course from the student's program. Students will submit a three page note (750 words) describing their main interest in their NPSIA cluster and explain how the courses chosen for the exam relate to that interest. Candidates should specify the key issues that are involved, and indicate clearly how the five identified classes provide insight into these issues, and how their central themes, debates, theories, ideas and concepts contribute to their understanding of the topic.

Academic Standing

A grade of B- or better must be obtained in each credit counted towards the master's degree. The School does not permit exceptions to this rule.

Students will be required to withdraw from the program if their grade point average falls below 7.0 (B-), or if they receive a grade of less than B- in any two courses they have registered in. For these purposes, a grade of Unsatisfactory in INAF 5907 counts as a failed class.

Co-op Option

A co-op option is available to full-time students in the M.A. program after the completion of 3.0 credits. Students admitted to this option must satisfactorily complete at least two work terms in order to graduate with a co-op designation on their transcripts. These work terms are four months in duration and locate students in government departments or other organizations in order to work at a junior officer level. Information about co-op placements is coordinated through the Carleton University Co-op Office. The work terms provide students with opportunities to integrate the theoretical and practical aspects of international affairs. During a work term, students will register in one of the co-op work term courses: INAF 5911, or INAF 5912. While on a work term, students are limited to an additional 0.5 credit course.

Note: credit weight for co-op courses is zero.

Career Planning

Information on job opportunities is available to all students and recent graduates through NPSIA's Resource Centre Coordinator. Services to assist students in obtaining jobs in International Affairs after graduation also includes assistance with resumes, and information on alumni career paths. The on-line guide NPSIA WORKS outlines the major areas of alumni employment. Recent experience suggests that a strong background in research methods and economics as well as strong communication skills enhance job placement.

Students interested in continuing to doctoral programs should plan their programs to include courses in their discipline, if other than international affairs, which may be deemed necessary for their admission to doctoral programs. Interdisciplinary doctoral programs in international affairs are given in a number of institutions, and the faculty can provide guidance in planning for these programs.

Guidelines for the Completion of the Master's Degree

Candidates can complete the M.A. program in twelve months of full-time study. However, most students require an additional one or two terms to complete the research essay or thesis requirement. Full-time master's students must complete all degree requirements within six terms of registered full-time study.

Students admitted into the Master's program on a part-time basis must complete the degree requirements within an elapsed period of six calendar years after the date of initial registration. Students must successfully complete INAF 5001 - Policy and Methods for International Affairs in the first year in which they are admitted, and must complete their economic and cluster course requirements in their first six half courses.

Students who elect to complete the program by a combination of full-time and part-time study are governed by the following elapsed time limitations: five calendar years if the candidate is registered as a full-time student for two or three terms and part-time for the balance; four calendar years if the candidate is registered for four or five terms as a full-time student and part-time for the balance.

These limitations are calculated from the date of initial registration in the master's program.

Master of Arts/Bachelor of Laws

The Norman Paterson School of International Affairs and the Common Law Section of the Faculty of Law at the University of Ottawa offer a joint Master of Arts in International Affairs and Bachelor of Laws degree M.A./LL.B.).

Admission Requirements

A student must make separate applications to the School of International Affairs at Carleton Univ ersity and to the Faculty of Law at the University of Ottawa and be accepted by both institutions in accordance with the normal admission requirements of each program. Interest in pursuing the joint program must be specified in each application.

Program Requirements

A student will complete both the M.A. and the LL.B. programs over four calendar years. Students will be expected to fulfil the normal requirements of both the M.A. and LL.B. programs. In addition, students in the joint program will be required to complete courses in international law to be specified by the Faculty of Law.

In undertaking the M.A./LL.B. research essay, students will be expected to integrate both components of the joint program into their research essay and will be assigned supervisors from both institutions.

The normal sequence of courses for the two degrees is as follows:

First Year

  • Normal LL.B. first year

Second Year

  • Normal M.A. first year (required course work to include a 0.5 credit course in international law)

Third Year

  • Normal LL.B. second year, including 0.5 credit course from the School of International Affairs for which credit will be given in both programs and spring/summer registration in M.A./LL.B. research essay.

Fourth Year

  • Normal LL.B. third year, including 0.5 credit course from the School of International Affairs for which credit will be given in both programs and spring/summer registration, conclusion and defence of M.A./LL.B. research essay

Doctor of Philosophy in International Affairs

Admission Requirements

Admission into the Ph.D. program will be judged primarily on the applicant's ability to undertake research successfully and his/her prospects for completion of the program. Admission to the Ph.D. program is governed by the requirements stated in the General Regulations section of this Calendar.

The normal requirement for admission to the doctoral program in International Affairs is a Master's degree in a social science with at least an A- average. A number of years of work experience is also desirable. Students who lack sufficient background at the graduate level in international affairs will be required to take supplementary courses extra to degree prior to admission. Students with no formal training in economics must complete introductory economics plus at least one full credit at the senior undergraduate level to be considered for admission. Students who are admitted to the doctoral program but lack sufficient specialization in their fields of study may be required to take additional courses at the graduate level in preparation for their field seminars.

All applicants whose first language is not English will be required to obtain an overall score of 70 or over on the Canadian Academic English Language Assessment with a minimum score of 70 for the writing section or a TOEFL score of 250 computer-based.

Residence Requirement

All Ph.D. candidates must be registered full time for a minimum of six terms to satisfy the residence requirement.

Program Requirements

The program requirements for the Ph.D. in International Affairs are a minimum of 10.0 credits, comprised of the following and outlined in further detail below:

  • Doctoral course requirements (2.0 credits);
  • Two field seminars corresponding to their declared fields of study (0.5 credit each);
  • Two comprehensive examinations, one in each of their fields (0.5 credit each);
  • Doctoral Research Workshop (0.5 credit);
  • Public defence of a research prospectus (0.5 credit);
  • A dissertation (5.0 credits);
  • A foreign language requirement. Details of Program Requirements

Doctoral Course Requirements (2.0 credits)

  • INAF 6001 Introduction to Research Methods and Design
  • INAF 6002 Policy Analysis and Quantitative Methods
  • 1.0 credit in economics courses offered by the School. At the School's discretion, a student with substantial economics training may be permitted to substitute other courses for all or part of this requirement.

Two Field Seminars (0.5 credit each)

  • two field seminars, at least one of which is in a field offered by NPSIA faculty (INAF 6100, INAF 6200, and INAF 6300), with a grade of Satisfactory.
  • These seminars must be completed by the end of the second year after admission to the Doctoral program. The field seminars provide the foundation for the field comprehensive examinations.
  • Students may be required to take additional courses upon admission in preparation for their field seminars, up to a maximum of 1.0 credit for each seminar.

Two Field Comprehensive Examinations (0.5 credit each)

  • two written comprehensive examinations corresponding to the field seminars, with a satisfactory grade of Satisfactory or Distinction.
  • The comprehensive examination will be based on the readings in the associated field seminar. Students must pass their comprehensive examinations with a grade of Satisfactory by the end of their second year of admission to the doctoral program. At the discretion of the examining board, a candidate whose performance is not fully satisfactory may be required to take an oral examination or a second written examination. Students who have not successfully completed their field comprehensives by the end of the first term of their third year will be required to withdraw from the program.

Doctoral Program Fields

International Conflict Management and Resolution
Interdisciplinary and policy-oriented research on international and intrastate conflict management and resolution. Sources of and responses to conflict, drawing from traditional and non-traditional frameworks with an emphasis on diagnostic and analytical skills. Topics include conflict management, peacekeeping, crisis decision-making, the management of terrorism, arms control, concepts of security, peace-building, and conflict prevention.
International Development Policy
Interdisciplinary and policy-oriented research on international development. Global, regional, community and institutional dimensions of development as a social, economic and political process. Topics include the linkages between development and trade, finance, regional integration, technology transfer and transnational enterprises, the environment and natural resources, health, education, labour, and institutions.
International Economic Policy
Interdisciplinary and policy-oriented research on the relationship between the global markets, civil society, and states. Theories and policy approaches to international political economy, drawn from economics, political science and other disciplines. Topics include trade, finance, multinational corporations, international migration, and a critical analysis of the issues surrounding the phenomenon of global integration.

Students may, with the School's permission, apply to complete a field and an associated comprehensive examination in another discipline. The field would have to be in a discipline related to the student's program of study, and would need the approval of the host department. The student would be required to fulfil all of the host department's requirements for the equivalence of a field designation, including any course work and the associated comprehensive examination.

Doctoral Research Workshop (0.5 credit)

  • Students must receive a grade of Satisfactory in the Doctoral Research Workshop in their second year, in which they begin the preparation of their thesis prospectus.

Research Prospectus Defence (0.5 credit)

  • Students must successfully defend a Research Prospectus by the end of their second year in the program. Students who have not satisfactorily defended their Research Prospectus by this time will be required to withdraw from the doctoral program.

Dissertation (5.0 credit)

  • All Ph.D. candidates are required to successfully complete and defend a dissertation equivalent to 5.0 credits on a topic approved by the School.

Language Requirement

  • All students must demonstrate an ability to read academic material in a language other than English sufficient to conduct doctoral research in international affairs. This requirement will be fulfilled before the defence of the research prospectus. To fulfil the language requirement, a student must pass a written examination administered by the School, or meet the equivalent standard as determined by the School.
  • Academic Standing

To successfully complete the doctoral program, students must obtain a grade of B- or better in each course credit, and Satisfactory or Distinction in the field seminars, comprehensive examinations, doctoral workshop, the research prospectus defence, and the Ph.D. thesis and its oral defence.

Graduate Courses

Not all of the following courses are offered in a given year. For an up-to-date statement of course offerings and to determine the term of offering, consult the class schedule at central.carleton.ca

Part-time students are permitted to enrol in a maximum of 1.0 credit per term.

Required Courses

INAF 5001 [0.5 credit]
Policy and Methods for International Affairs
Policy formulation and research methods in an international context. The policy component reviews key theories of policy formulation and their relationship to applied policy analysis and evaluation. The methods component examines the principles of social sciences research, basic research design, and techniques of analysis.
Prerequisite: M.A. standing in the Norman Paterson School of International Affairs or permission of the School of International Affairs.
INAF 5009 [0.5 credit]
International Aspects of Economic Development
Economic theory and policy dimensions of key issues in international economic development. Topics include: trade theory and policy for developing countries; debt, adjustment and macroeconomic stabilization; the role of international financial institutions; financial flows and the role of multinational corporations. Prerequisite: M.A. standing in the Norman Paterson School of International Affairs or permission of the School.
INAF 5205 [0.5 credit]
Economics of Conflict
The economic dimensions of conflict and the application of economic methods to understanding conflict and conflict management.Precludes additional credit for INAF 5409 [formerly 46.549R] (taken in 2002-03).
INAF 5214 [0.5 credit]
Economics for Defence and Security
Examines the economic analysis of defence and security, applying economic analysis to topics such as defence production, procurement, offence and defence balance, alliance theory, deterrence, arms races, terrorism and terrorist financing.
INAF 5308 [0.5 credit]
International Trade: Theory and Policy
The pure theory of international trade and selected policy issues. Topics include theories of the pattern of trade, the gains from trade, the theory of distortions and welfare, and theories of endogenous trade policy formation.
Prerequisite: M.A. standing in the Norman Paterson School of International Affairs or permission of the School.
INAF 5309 [0.5 credit]
International Finance: Theory and Policy
Theory and policy in open economy macroeconomics and international finance. Topics include: exchange rate and output determination, balance of payments adjustment, monetary and fiscal policy under different exchange rate regimes, and the structure and performance of the international monetary system.
Prerequisite: M.A. standing in the Norman Paterson School of International Affairs or permission of the School.
INAF 5600 [0.5 credit]
Human Resource Development
The economic analysis and theory of the major areas of human development in developing areas, including demography and population, education, health, nutrition, women and development, social security, labour markets, and human resources planning.
Prerequisite: M.A. standing in the Norman Paterson School of International Affairs or permission of the School.
Note: students are required to take the economics course associated with their cluster as noted below. Students deemed to have completed a similar course must take an alternative NPSIA economics course. Students who have successfully completed the equivalent of INAF 5009, INAF 5308 and INAF 5309 must substitute another NPSIA course.

Clusters

NPSIA's M.A. program is organized around seven clusters. Each student must select a cluster and enrol in two of the designated cluster courses.

International Trade Policy
Designated economics course: INAF 5308
Designated Courses:
INAF 5101 The Politics and Institutions of International Trade
INAF 5306 Trade Policy in North America
INAF 5400 Trade Policy Analysis
INAF 5500 Comparative Trade Policy
INAF 5507 International Economic Law
INAF 5508 Law, Politics, and Economics in International Affairs
Global Political Economy
Designated economics course: INAF 5309
Designated Courses:
INAF 5300 The Political Economy of Multinational Enterprises
INAF 5401 International Financial Institutions and Policy
INAF 5407 International Relations Theory
INAF 5501 Global Political Economy
INAF 5502 State Sovereignty and Globalization
Conflict Analysis and Conflict Resolution
Designated economics course: INAF 5205
Designated Courses:
INAF 5108 Conflict Analysis
INAF 5109 Conflict Management: Theory and Evidence
INAF 5200 Peacebuilding and Reconstruction: Theory and Practice
INAF 5201 Disarmament, Arms Control and Nonproliferation
INAF 5202 International Security after the Cold War
INAF 5203 International Mediation and Conflict Resolution
INAF 5209 Conflict and Development
INAF 5506 International Law: Use of Force
Intelligence and National Security
Designated economics course: INAF 5214
Designated Courses:
INAF 5202 International Security after the Cold War
INAF 5204 Intelligence, Statecraft, and International Affairs
INAF 5224 Intelligence and National Security: Policies and Operations
INAF 5234 National Security Policy and Law
International Institutions and Global Governance
Designated economics course: any one of INAF 5009, INAF 5205, INAF 5308, INAF 5309 or INAF 5600, chosen in consultation with the NPSIA faculty advisor.
Designated Courses:
INAF 5405 International Organizations
INAF 5505 International Law: Theory and Practice
INAF 5701 Global Environmental Change: Human Implications
INAF 5702 International Environmental Affairs
INAF 5705 International Social Policy
INAF 5805 The EU in International Affairs
International Dimensions of Development
Designated economics course: INAF 5009
Designated Courses:
INAF 5002 Issues in International Development
INAF 5303 Science, Technology and International Affairs: The Third World
INAF 5601 Historical Dimensions of Development and Underdevelopment
INAF 5602 Development Assistance: Theory and Practice
INAF 5609 Development Project Evaluation and Analysis
INAF 5801 Regional Integration Among Developing Countries
Human Security and Development
Designated economics course: INAF 5600
Designated Courses:
INAF 5003 National and Domestic Dimensions of Development
INAF 5006 Agriculture and Rural Development
INAF 5200 Peacebuilding and Reconstruction: Theory and Practice
INAF 5209 Conflict and Development
INAF 5408 Gender in International Affairs
INAF 5606 Indigenous Peoples and Development
INAF 5704 Human Security: From Policy to Practice

Other Courses

INAF 5002 [0.5 credit]
Issues in International Development
International political, social and economic aspects of development. Approaches to trade policies, finance, regional integration, technology transfer and transnational enterprises, global governance, international civil society and development, the environment and natural resources, and social and labour issues in the international context.
Precludes additional credit for INAF 5004 (taken prior to 2001).
INAF 5003 [0.5 credit]
National and Domestic Dimensions of Development
Theoretical foundations and central policy issues of the domestic, economic, social, political, cultural and environmental aspects of development. Topics include theories of the developmental process, human resource development, national development strategies, sectoral issues, and governance and human rights and their interaction with the international system.
Precludes additional credit for INAF 5004 (taken prior to 2001).
INAF 5006 [0.5 credit]
Agriculture and Rural Development
A study of the agricultural sector, rural areas, and rural welfare in developing countries, including structural change in agriculture, agrarian reform, rural development strategies in various countries, and public policies affecting agriculture, activities ancillary to agriculture, rural industry, and public service.
INAF 5007 [0.5 credit]
Theories of Development and Underdevelopment
A comparative analysis of approaches to the study of development processes and underdevelopment, including structural-functional, neo-classical, Marxist, and dependency theories.
Prerequisite: enrolment in the Development Administration stream of the M.A. program in the School of Public Policy and Administration, or permission of the School of International Affairs.
INAF 5008 [0.5 credit]
Economic Development Policy and Planning
Developing country policies and planning and their impacts, including macro and sectoral techniques employed in development planning, budgeting, and problems in development administration.
Prerequisite: enrolment in the Development Administration stream of the M.A. program in the School of Public Policy and Administration, or permission of the School of International Affairs.
INAF 5100 [0.5 credit]
Canada in International Affairs
Canada's role in international affairs; issues of conflict and conflict resolution, international political economy, and international development. Analysis of the content and formulation of Canada's international policies.
INAF 5101 [0.5 credit]
The Politics and Institutions of International Trade
Canadian trade practice; trade policy within the broader context of Canadian policy-making, comparison of Canadian policy and practice with that in the United States, Europe, Japan, and the major developing countries.
Precludes additional credit for INAF 5409 (taken prior to 1997-98).
INAF 5102 [0.5 credit]
Canada-U.S. Relations
The relationship between Canada and the United States from political, economic, diplomatic, military, and cultural perspectives. The history of Canada's relations with the United States, as our neighbor, trading partner, ally, and sometime antagonist.
Precludes additional credit for INAF 5409, if taken 2003/04, 2004/05.
INAF 5108 [0.5 credit]
Conflict Analysis
Sources of international and intrastate conflict. Students will gain practical insight and understanding of the causes of conflict by drawing on frameworks from a number of social sciences disciplines, with a focus on diagnostic and analytical skills in the decision making process.
Precludes additional credit for INAF 5105 (taken prior to 2001).
INAF 5109 [0.5 credit]
Conflict Management: Theory and Evidence
Evaluation of process and content-oriented measurements of effectiveness in the practice of conflict management; third-party intervention such as peacekeeping, crisis decision making, the management of terrorism and conflict prevention with applications to regional and intrastate conflict.
Precludes additional credit for INAF 5105 (taken prior to 2001).
INAF 5200 [0.5 credit]
Peacebuilding and Reconstruction: Theory and Practice
Social, economic and military dimensions of post-conflict reconstruction with special attention to the role of local and international government and non-government organizations in the peacebuilding process. Evidence is drawn from recent cases.
INAF 5201 [0.5 credit]
Disarmament, Arms Control and Nonproliferation
Origins, theory and practice, with a focus on so-called weapons of mass destruction and current controversies. Emphasis on treaty negotiation and implementation, including monitoring, verification, facilitation and enforcement of compliance.
INAF 5202 [0.5 credit]
International Security After the Cold War
The evolving strategic and security environment since the end of the Cold War, encompassing both traditional and non-traditional concepts. Topics include hegemonism; the rise of new powers; terrorism; multilateralism; human security; and new security threats, including climate change.
INAF 5203 [0.5 credit]
International Mediation and Conflict Resolution
Exploration of various approaches to the prevention, management and resolution of international conflict including peacekeeping, preventive diplomacy, mediation and peacebuilding, as well as less formal mechanisms for third party collaborative problem solving.
INAF 5204 [0.5 credit]
Intelligence, Statecraft and International Affairs
The role of intelligence in foreign and security policy after the Cold War. Evolution of intelligence as regards strategic and policy requirements, the capabilities of selected services, interactions within government and civil society. Emphasis on the structure and functions of Canada's intelligence community.
INAF 5206 [0.5 credit]
Civil-Military Relations
Theoretical and practical issues of civil-military relations; analysis of the multidisciplinary and multidimensional nature of the relationship between society, political authority and the military, using comparative and global frames of reference.
Precludes additional credit for INAF 5409 sections R and S (taken 2002/03, 03/04).
INAF 5207 [0.5 credit]
Middle East Economic and Political Relations
Economic and political relations among countries of the Middle East; emphasis on the peace process and arrangements for regional security and regional economic cooperation; prospects for regional collaboration.
INAF 5208 [0.5 credit]
U.S. Foreign and Security Policy
Causes and consequences of U.S. foreign and security policy. Explanation and evaluation of past and present U.S. policies. Cases will be drawn from 20th century wars, interventions and crises; post-Cold War and post 9-11 U.S. policies.
Precludes additional credit for INAF 5409 section 'X' (taken 2001/02, 02/03).
INAF 5209 [0.5 credit]
Conflict and Development
Examination of competing interpretations of conflict in developing countries; material conditions, institutional factors, and ideological, or identity-based framing processes. The impact of war on development, and implications for policy.
INAF 5224 [0.5 credit]
Intelligence and National Security:
Policies and Operations
The roles and activities of intelligence services of selected countries. Their performance will be assessed in the light of historical experience, and in the context of the policy, legal and ethical constraints.
INAF 5234 [0.5 credit]
National Security Policy and Law
The international legal and policy implications of identifying and responding to national security threats. Topics include: intelligence gathering; verification regimes; military and counter-terrorism operations; criminal prosecution; and, balancing human rights and security concerns.
INAF 5300 [0.5 credit]
Political Economy of Multinational Enterprises
Recent economic and political developments in the fields of international economics and industrial organization as they affect multinational enterprises. The course develops concepts and analytical approaches to examine the impact of multinational enterprises on international affairs and the implications for public policy.
INAF 5302 [0.5 credit]
Science, Technology and International Affairs: The Advanced, Industrial Countries
The process of technological change since the industrial revolution and its consequences for development in the advanced industrial countries and for relations among these countries.
INAF 5303 [0.5 credit]
Science, Technology and International Affairs: The Third World
The problem of building indigenous technological capabilities in the Third World. The role of MNCs in the transfer of technology, the generation of appropriate technologies locally and the role of the state in the formulation of technology policy for development.
INAF 5305 [0.5 credit]
International Bargaining and Negotiation: Theory and Practice
An examination of bargaining and negotiation in international economic, political, and security issue areas, using case studies and theoretical analysis.
INAF 5306 [0.5 credit]
Trade Policy in North America
Canadian, American and Mexican trade and trade policy from colonial times to present, emphasizing the development of trade relations and the negotiation and operation of bilateral, regional (NAFTA), and multilateral trade agreements.
Precludes additional credit for INAF 5409, section 'F' (taken in 2005/06).
INAF 5307 [0.5 credit]
Macroeconomics in a Development Context
Macroeconomic theory and policy in the context of the developing countries, with special emphasis upon theory and policy for open economies, structural adjustment to international disequilibration, exchange rate and balance of payments management, fiscal and financial policy.
Prerequisite: enrolment in the Development Administration stream of the M.A. program of the School of Public Policy and Administration, or permission of the School of International Affairs.
INAF 5400 [0.5 credit]
Trade Policy Analysis
Selected trade and trade-related policy issues. Topics are drawn from current policy debates, and may include: multilateral vs. preferential trade liberalization; standards harmonization as a precondition for free trade; and globalization and the rising skill wage premium.
Prerequisites: M.A. standing in the Norman Paterson School of International Affairs, or permission of the School of International Affairs.
INAF 5401 [0.5 credit]
International Financial Institutions and Policy
Institutional arrangements, international financial flows, and critical events in international finance; development and operation of international financial institutions, and how they have shaped modern financial markets, events, and policy.
Precludes additional credit for INAF 5409 (taken prior to 1997-98).
INAF 5402 [0.5 credit]
Territory and Territoriality
Contemporary geographical and internatio nal relations theorizing is challenging conventional notions of boundaries and territories in the political organization of modernity. Using contemporary writings on geopolitics, security, sovereignty, self-determination and identity politics, this course investigates territoriality as a political and intellectual strategy. (Also listed as GEOG 5400.)
INAF 5404 [0.5 credit]
The Environment for International Management
Analysis of the international economic environment for public and private sector managers. The growing economic interdependence of nations, problems faced by managers and the effectiveness of emerging international rules and standards for trade, investment and intellectual property.
INAF 5405 [0.5 credit]
International Organizations in International Affairs
A critical analysis of the roles played by the United Nations and other international organizations in the field of international conflict, development, and political economy.
INAF 5406 [0.5 credit]
Policy Analysis and Evaluation
Examination of international public policies of a number of countries, including Canada; approaches to the policy process and case studies of the formulation and evaluation of economic, political, and security policies.
INAF 5407 [0.5 credit]
International Relations Theory
Overview of theories of international relations. Organized both historically and conceptually, the course will examine a variety of theoretical approaches to international relations, among them the realist, liberal, structural, neo-realist, and critical perspectives.
INAF 5408 [0.5 credit]
Gender in International Affairs
The role of gender differences in international affairs gender in the social sciences and feminist theories regarding war, nationalism, human rights, development, and the global economy.
INAF 5409 [0.5 credit]
Selected Topics in International Affairs
INAF 5419 [0.5 credit]
Selected Topics in International Affairs
INAF 5429 [0.5 credit]
Selected Topics in International Affairs
INAF 5439 [0.5 credit]
Selected Topics in International Affairs
INAF 5449 [0.5 credit]
Selected Topics in International Affairs
INAF 5459 [0.5 credit]
Selected Topics in International Affairs
INAF 5500 [0.5 credit]
Comparative Trade Policy
Examination of trade policies of various states, and their associated institutional arrangement. Countries and country groupings to be examined include the United States, Japan, the European Union, and key developing countries.
INAF 5501 [0.5 credit]
Global Political Economy
Theories and approaches to global political economy, and how they illuminate the interaction and co-evolution of states and markets. Topics include the post war systems and patterns of production, investment, trade and finance in developed and developing countries.Precludes additional credit for INAF 5000 (taken prior to 2001).
INAF 5502 [0.5 credit]
State Sovereignty and Globalization
How increased political, social and economic integration internationally affects a government's ability to formulate policy; examination of domestic and international policy issues and whether and how global forces and their domestic counterparts shape the policy-making environment.
Precludes additional credit for INAF 5000 (taken prior to 2001).
INAF 5505 [0.5 credit]
International Law: Theory and Practice
Theoretical perspectives on international law and the role international law plays in the international system. Topics include basis, creation and sources of international law, international dispute resolution, and international law and world order transformation. (Also listed as LAWS 5603.)
INAF 5506 [0.5 credit]
International Law: Use of Force
How legal constraints govern the use of force in international relations. Topics include legal options available to states and the international community, the use of weapons of mass destruction, terrorism, peacekeeping, and humanitarian intervention.
Precludes additional credit for INAF 5409 (taken in 2003).
INAF 5507 [0.5 credit]
International Economic Law: Regulation of Trade and Investment
Study of regulation of international economic relations. International institutions, legal aspects of integration, governmental regulation of trade and investment. (Also listed as LAWS 5200.)
Prerequisite: open only to graduate students in their master's year who have not previously studied international economic law.
INAF 5508 [0.5 credit]
Law, Politics and Economics in International Affairs
The linkages and differences among the disciplines of law, politics and economics as they relate to international affairs; the underlying assumptions of each discipline and how they affect the way different issues in international affairs are considered.
Precludes additional credit for INAF 5409 (section F, taken 2003/04, 04/05).
INAF 5601 [0.5 credit]
Historical Dimensions of Development and Underdevelopment
Comparative studies in the economic and social history of selected developed and developing countries. Identification of conditions that have fostered or inhibited development in the past, assessment of contemporary development strategies in the light of historical experience.
INAF 5602 [0.5 credit]
Development Assistance: Theory and Practice
Economic, moral, and political arguments for development assistance, aid effectiveness; the role of bilateral and multilateral donors; aid accounting, human development and human rights; NGOs and international assistance.
INAF 5603 [0.5 credit]
Issues in Development in Africa
Analysis of structures and processes of political, social, and economic change in intertropical Africa at scales ranging from the intrahousehold and local community to the state and international system. An objective will be to integrate gender and the environment into analyses which draw on theories of political economy.
INAF 5604 [0.5 credit] (formerly 46. 564)
Issues in Development in Latin America
Principal developmental trends, problems, and policies in the region since 1945; the design and implementation of future alternative developmental strategies.
INAF 5605 [0.5 credit]
The Ethical Dimension of International Affairs
Critical examination of the ethical dimensions of development, global conflict, and international political economy; beliefs and values, rights and obligations, individual and state morality.
INAF 5606 [0.5 credit]
Indigenous Peoples and Development
Major issues of the development, in its social, economic, political and environmental dimensions, of Indigenous peoples, including those of North America, Latin America, Australasia, India, Africa and the Polar regions.
INAF 5607 [0.5 credit]
Issues in Development in Southeast Asia
Comparative analysis of development in selected Southeast Asian countries. Processes of continuity and change in political culture, governance, economic management, social and environmental policy, and regional ASEAN relations; historical and contemporary issues.
INAF 5608 [0.5 credit]
Indigenous Perspectives on Third World Development
Some of the major perspectives and theories on Third World Development that have emerged from within the Third World. Included are authors representing structural, dependency, and radical theories of development, and those who see development as psychological or spiritual liberation.
INAF 5609 [0.5 credit]
Development Project Evaluation and Analysis
Examination of social cost-benefit analysis and other micro-economic methods of project evaluation in the context of the project cycle in developing countries with emphasis on policy analysis and implementation practice, case studies of development projects, including those of non-governmental organizations.
INAF 5701 [0.5 credit]
Global Environmental Change: Human Implications
Global environmental change; its significance for societies, economies and international relations. Value systems underlying environmental discourse; political economy of the environment; sustainability and security. Environmental diplomacy and grassroots environmentalism. Regionalized impacts of pressures on natural environments; challenges of adaptation. (Also listed as GEOG 5005.)
INAF 5702 [0.5 credit]
International Environmental Affairs
International environmental issues, with a focus on policy options and institutions relevant to addressing these issues. Topics include the relationship between the environment and trade, investment, globalization, development and conflict.
Precludes additional credit for INAF 5409 [formerly 46.549U] (taken in 2002/03).
INAF 5704 [0.5 credit]
Human Security: From Policy to Practice
Human security issues including perspectives of key governmental, international and non-governmental actors. Micro-disarmament, the protection of civilians, war economies, and post-conflict security issues.
Precludes additional credit for INAF 5409, section 'W' if taken in 2004/05 or 2005/06.
INAF 5705 [0.5 credit]
International Social Policy
Concepts of and approaches to international social policy. Concepts of social justice, comparative welfare regimes and citizenship. Topics include social reform, changes in the public/private provision of social services, participation in social policy, poverty reduction, health and education.
INAF 5800 [0.5 credit]
Asia Pacific Economic and Political Relations
The evolving pattern of economic and political relations in the Asia-Pacific region. Topics will include security issues; trade and investment; and development cooperation; institutional arrangements, including ASEAN, APEC, AFTA, and Canada's role in the regional affairs.
INAF 5801 [0.5 credit]
Regional Cooperation Among Developing Countries
A comparative study of selected regional cooperation and integration schemes, including those in Africa, Asia, Latin America, and the Caribbean, as well as between higher and lower income countries.
INAF 5802 [0.5 credit]
The International Political Economy of Transition
Problems of reintegration into the world economy and dilemmas of transition from command to market economies. Topics may include new trade and investment patterns, role in regional and international economic organizations, search for appropriate exchange rate policies, impact of Western assistance. (Also listed as EURR 5102.)
INAF 5804 [0.5 credit]
International Relations in Europe
International relations and organizations in Europe from theoretical and historical perspectives. Origins and development of European organizations such as the European Union and the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe.
INAF 5805 [0.5 credit]
The EU in International Affairs
The impact of the EU on international affairs; the internal development of the EU, the evolution of integration theory, and the growth of the EU's external relations capabilities.
INAF 5901 [0.5 credit]
Tutorials in International Affairs
To be chosen in consultation with the director.
INAF 5905 [0.5 credit]
Research Workshop
Problems inherent to research design in the interdisciplinary field of international affairs, with materials drawn from both the established literature and the practice of leading members of the School's faculty.
INAF 5906 [1.0 credit]
M.A./LL.B. Research Essay
INAF 5907 [2.0 credits]
Course Work Comprehensive in
International Affairs
Required for students in a course work M.A. who by the third term in their M.A. program have not yet completed their comprehensive examination. Completion of this course does not reduce the formal requirement of 5.0 credits.
INAF 5908 [1.0 credit]
Research Essay
INAF 5909 [2.0 credits]
M.A. Thesis
INAF 5911 [0.0 credit]
Co-operative Work Term
Prerequisites: registration in the Co-operative Education Option of the Master of Arts program and permission of the School.
INAF 5912 [0.0 credit]
Co-operative Work Term
Prerequisites: registration in the Co-operative Education Option of the Master of Arts program and permission of the School.
INAF 6001 [0.5 credit]
Introduction to Research Methods and Design
Problem statements, research questions and approaches to knowledge acquisition in international affairs, focusing on policy relevance. Topics include advantages and limitations of inductive and deductive research methods, variable selection and hypothesis development, case studies and field research, data gathering, and methodology choice.
Precludes additional credit for INAF 6000 (taken 2006/07).
Prerequisite: standing in the NPSIA Ph.D. program or permission of the School.
INAF 6002 [0.5 credit]
Policy Analysis and Quantitative Methods
Approaches to understanding policy processes and econometrics. Policy processes, the policy cycle and policy studies in an international setting. Applied basic econometrics allowing the construction and analysis of data sets with standard software packages.
Precludes additional credit for INAF 6000 (taken 2006/07).
Prerequisite: standing in the NPSIA Ph.D. program or permission of the School.
INAF 6100 [0.5 credit]
Field Seminar: Conflict Management and Resolution
Interdisciplinary and policy-oriented research on international and intrastate conflict management and resolution. Conflict management, peacekeeping, crisis decision-making, the management of terrorism, concepts of security, arms control, peacebuilding, and conflict prevention.
Prerequisite: standing in the NPSIA Ph.D. program or permission of the School.
INAF 6101 [0.5 credit]
Comprehensive Examination in Conflict Management and Resolution
INAF 6200 [ 0.5 credit]
Field Seminar:
International Development Policy
Interdisciplinary and policy-oriented research on international development. Linkages between development and trade, finance, regional integration, technology transfer and transnational enterprises, the environment and natural resources, health, education, labour, and institutions.
Prerequisite: standing in the NPSIA Ph.D. program or permission of the School.
INAF 6201 [0.5 credit]
Comprehensive Examination in International Development Policy
INAF 6300 [ 0.5 credit]
Field Seminar: International Economic Policy
Interdisciplinary and policy-oriented research on the relationship between the global economy, civil society, and states. Trade, finance, multinational corporations, international migration, and a critical analysis of the issues surrounding the phenomenon of global integration.
Prerequisite: standing in the NPSIA Ph.D. program or permission of the School.
INAF 6301 [0.5 credit]
Comprehensive Examination in International Economic Policy
INAF 6900 [0.5 credit]
Doctoral Research Workshop
A workshop for second-year doctoral students to develop their dissertation topic and present and critique preliminary research findings.
Prerequisite: second-year standing in the NPSIA Ph.D. program.
INAF 6901 [0.5 credit]
Research Prospectus
Preparation and public defence of a research prospectus that will be the basis for the dissertation. The grade awarded will be that obtained at the defence.
INAF 6909 [5.0 credits]
Ph.D. Dissertation

Selection of Courses

In addition to the graduate courses offered in the School, qualified students may choose from among courses in international affairs offered by related departments, schools, and institutes.

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