Carleton University Canada's 
Capital University

Graduate Calendar Archives: 2007 / 2008

Civil and Environmental Engineering


Mackenzie Building Room 3432
Telephone: 613-520-5784
Fax: 613-520-3951
Web site:

The Department

Chair of the Department: G. Hartley
Associate Chair, Graduate: S. Sivathayalan

In addition to University and Graduate Faculty regulations, all Engineering departments share common procedures that are described in Section 18 of the General Regulations of this Calendar.

The Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering offers programs of study and research leading to the Master's and Ph.D. degrees in Civil Engineering and Environmental Engineering. The M.A.Sc. degree is awarded for a Master's degree by thesis and the M.Eng. degree is awarded for Master's degree by project and coursework. Civil Engineering degrees or offered through the Ottawa-Carleton Institute for Civil Engineering (, which is jointly administered by the Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering at Carleton University and the Department of Civil Engineering at the University of Ottawa. Environmental Engineering degrees are offered through the Ottawa-Carleton Institute for Environmental Engineering (, which is jointly administered by the Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering at Carleton University, the Department of Civil Engineering at the University of Ottawa, and the Department of Chemical Engineering at the University of Ottawa.

The admission and program requirements for the degrees offered by the Department are provided in the Calendar section for the Ottawa-Carleton Institute for Civil Engineering, and the Ottawa-Carleton Institute for Environmental Engineering.

The Department conducts research and has developed graduate programs in the following areas:

Environmental Engineering
The program in environmental engineering offers opportunities for research in a wide range of topics. Current graduate research in environmental engineering is primarily directed towards the following areas:

Air Pollution
Air quality issues in microenvironments, emissions from mobile sources, receptor modeling, transport and fate of vapours and particulates, dispersion modeling, indoor air quality, innovative treatment technologies for contaminated air streams.

Environmental Impact Assessment
Environmental impact assessment, risk assessment, identification and quantification of contaminant exposure pathways, uncertainty related to these processes, technical issues and the important contributions of environmental engineers to this complex multi-disciplinary process.

Management of Solid, Hazardous, and Radioactive Waste, and Pollution Prevention
Reduction of waste streams through improved manufacturing processes and waste diversion programs, minimization of the impact of long-term disposal of solid hazardous and radioactive wastes, waste disposal alternatives, landfill design and landfill leachate and gas management strategies.

Water and Wastewater Treatment
Study of innovative treatment technologies for water and wastewater treatment, fate of VOCs in municipal and industrial waste streams, treatment of effluents from various industries, passive treatment systems for mitigation of acid mine drainage, enhanced UV oxidation processes.

Water Resources Management, Groundwater Management and Contaminant Transport
Quantification and protection of existing water resources, hydrogeology, processes impacting contaminant migration, natural attenuation of contaminants in groundwater impacted by landfill leachate, petroleum hydrocarbons and chlorinated solvents, unsaturated and multiphase environments, site characterization and remediation.

Geotechnical Engineering

The graduate program in geotechnical engineering places an emphasis on both theoretical and applied problems related to soil and rock mechanics, soil dynamics and foundation engineering. These generally include the study of mechanical properties of soil and rock materials, stability of natural slopes and earth embankments, soil-foundation-structure interaction, and problems in foundation design and geomechanics. Broader programs in geotechnical engineering may be arranged by making use of courses offered in the Department of Geography at Carleton University and in the Department of Civil Engineering at the University of Ottawa. Graduate research in geotechnical engineering is primarily directed towards the following areas:

Bearing Capacity and Settlement
Problems related to design of bridge abutments and footings located on sloped granular fill, experimental and field studies.

Design and Analysis of Pipelines in Permafrost Regions
Development and use of advanced finite element techniques in the study of frost heave and its effect on the stresses and deformations of chilled gas pipelines buried in discontinuous permafrost.

Earth Retaining Structures
Experimental and analytical studies of anchored and braced excavations, flexible and rigid retaining walls, soil reinforcement, tunnels and conduits, field behaviour.

In-Situ Testing of Soils
The use of devices such as the pressuremeter, the screw plate test, the borehole shear device, and borehole dilatometer in the assessment of geotechnical properties of soils.

Mechanical Behaviour
Development of constitutive relations for soils and rock masses with yield and creep characteristics, advanced laboratory testing to assess stress path effects, numerical modeling and applications to foundation engineering.

Performance of Anchors
Theoretical and experimental analysis of deep and shallow anchors in soil, rock and concrete; group action; creep effects; prestress loss.

Reinforced Soil Systems
Characterization of the material properties and reinforcement-soil interaction problems comprising geogrids and geotextiles. Extensive facilities for tension, creep, pull-out and interface shear testing of geosynthetics are available.

Soil-Foundation Interaction
Elastic and consolidation effects of soil-foundation interaction; soil-frame interaction; contact stress measurement; performance of rigid and flexible foundations; buried pipelines.

Soil Dynamics and Liquefaction
Evaluation of the dynamic response of soils and liquefaction susceptibility. Laboratory and field measurements, Seismic slope stability and seismic forces on retaining walls.

Structural Engineering

The graduate program in structural engineering embodies a broad spectrum of topics involving material behaviour, structural mechanics and analysis, and the behaviour and design of buildings, bridges, and other types of structures, including liquid storage tanks, dams, and buried pipe systems, etc. These topics are in the following fields: computer applications in structural analysis; structural dynamics, seismic analysis, earthquake engineering; finite element analysis; structural systems and design optimization; behaviour and design of steel, concrete, composite, timber and masonry structures; construction economics; and bridge engineering. Graduate research in structural engineering is primarily directed towards the following areas:

Behaviour and Design of Steel, Concrete and Composite Structures
Analytical and experimental studies of structural members, substructures, and connections for buildings, bridges, and offshore structures. Development of the corresponding limit states design format design rules.

Bridge Engineering
Analysis and design of concrete and steel bridges against traffic, wind and earthquake loads; bridge planning and management; innovative numerical modeling and techniques for static and dynamic analysis of complex and long-span bridges; seismic reliability and performance assessment of bridges; seismic retrofit of bridge structures; 3D dynamic analysis of vehicle bridge deck interaction.

Computer Applications in Structural Design
Development of knowledge-based systems for the analysis, design, detailing, fabrication, and erection of buildings and bridges. Includes graphic interfaces, pre- and post-processing of frame analysis, load determination, and finite element analysis packages.

Fibre Reinforced Polymers (FRP)
Analysis and laboratory testing of structural members and systems reinforced, retrofitted or repaired with FRP. Development of design rules and code provisions for FRP reinforced/repaired structures. The research encompasses all aspects of FRP applications in structures, including bridges, buildings, pipes and tanks. Advanced numerical modeling and large scale testing are integral components of the research program.

Fire Safety Engineering

Fire Safety Engineering offers opportunities for research in various areas of fire safety including fire modeling, fire risk analysis, smoke movement, fire resistance and occupant response and evacuation.

Fire modeling
Modeling fire development in compartments. Characterization of design fires, heat release rate and production of toxic gases, development of fire related properties of materials.

Smoke movement
Development of two zone models for calculating movement of smoke through a building. Full-scale experiments to study impact of smoke control and smoke management techniques.

Fire risk analysis
Development of tools to calculate risk from fires to building occupants. Frequency evaluation and consequence of fire scenarios. Reliability and uncertainty analysis.

Fire resistance
Evaluating the impact of fire attack on building elements through computer modeling and full-scale testing. Development of probabilities of failure of building elements when subjected to realistic fires.

Occupant response and evacuation
Studies aimed at characterizing occupant characteristics, occupant response to emergencies, and occupant evacuation.

Masonry Behaviour and Design
Study of strength and serviceability issues by means of theoretical approaches, testing, and fieldwork.

Materials Durability
Research on the durability of concrete, masonry, FRP and reinforcing steel. Both laboratory experimentation and numerical techniques are used to develop predictive models for practical applications.

Monitoring and Evaluation of Structures
Behaviour and performance of bridges, buildings, and other structures; field and laboratory monitoring techniques; instrumentation; data processing and interpretation.

Numerical Modeling of Buildings and Bridges
Advanced analytical Modeling of reinforced and prestressed concrete, steel, and composite concrete-steel buildings and bridges. Material and geometric non-linearities, bond-slip, the advent and propagation of cracks, tension stiffening, and shear-connectors behaviour are modeled to predict the full response of structures up to failure.

Seismic Analysis and Design
Seismic response of buildings; computer analyses of linear and nonlinear structural response; design of buildings for seismic forces; development of code provisions for seismic design; seismic behaviour of liquid storage tanks and dams; fluid structures interaction problems.

Timber Structures
Analysis, design, and performance evaluation of wood-structured systems and components; structural reliability.

Transportation Planning and Technology

The graduate program in transportation planning and technology deals with problems of policy, planning, economics, design, and operations in all modes of transportation. In the area of transportation planning, the focus is on the design of transport systems, including terminals, modeling and simulation, urban and regional studies, traffic engineering and geometric design. In the transportation technology area, programs deal with technology of vehicles and facilities, acoustics and noise, materials and pavement design. Graduate research in transportation is currently focused on the following areas:

Asphalt Concrete
Research on asphalt concrete, including compaction, rutting, thermal stresses, stripping, and reinforced asphalt systems. Novel compaction techniques and equipment, and in-situ asphalt testing equipment have been developed and patented.

Geometric Design
Modeling of roadway alignments; three-dimensional analysis; computer animation and simulation; vehicle characteristics and capabilities; effect of driver perception and behaviour.

Planning and Design Methodology
Development and application of models for optimization of transport supply; transportation system management.

Traffic Safety
Areas of high collision risk; reducing collision risk through better design and consideration of human factors; design consistency and relation to traffic safety.

Transport Policy
Assessment and impact analysis of national, regional, and urban transportation policies.

Transportation Terminals
Airport planning, air terminal design; bus, rail, subway terminal design, layout methods, pedestrian traffic.

Transportation Technology Development and Assessment
Modernization of passenger and freight rail services; soil properties; pavement design, multi-layered systems, low temperature cracking of pavements, thermo-mechanical modeling of fracture processes in pavements; highway design, energy and emissions.

Travel and Traffic Analysis
Behavioural theories of passenger travel, goods movement; empirical traffic studies.

Winter Maintenance
Controlling snow and ice accumulation on the roadway surface; criteria for quality of maintenance activities; anti-icing practice; environmental impacts; effect of deicing chemicals on pavements; new technologies and materials.

Departmental Facilities

The structures laboratory facility includes an 11 m x 27 m strong floor with a clear height of 11 m; a strong pit, measuring 3 m x 3.7 m x 6.6 m for geotechnical and highway material testing; a 400,000 lb. universal testing machine with auxiliary equipment for load and displacement control; numerous hydraulic actuators; test frames; specialized equipment for torsion and impact studies; and a wide selection of measurement devices (strain gauges, LVDTs, pressure transducers, load cells, thermocouples) and several data acquisition systems for testing structural materials and components. The concrete laboratory has facilities for the casting, curing, and testing of reinforced concrete members. Laboratory facilities in geotechnical engineering include both large scale and conventional tri-axial testing, consolidation testing, pore water pressure measurements, and model studies of contact stress measurements. The soil dynamics and highway materials laboratories provide facilities for studies of the physical properties of soil, stabilized soil, aggregate and bituminous mixtures, reinforced soil systems and geosynthetics.

The environmental engineering laboratories comprise a total space of 170 square meters with excellent facilities for bench scale chemical and biochemical experiments. Analytical equipment and sensors are available for air, water and soil sample testing and analyses. A laboratory specially equipped with four fume hoods is available for conducting research involving volatile and hazardous substances.

Computer-related equipment within the department comprises networks of SUN workstations and PC-based workstations and related peripherals. The computing centre of the University provides access to additional computing resources such as mainframe computers and multi-processor SUN workstations. A library of computer programs in structural, geotechnical, transportation, and environmental engineering provides a significant resource for advanced study and research.

Graduate Courses

Not all of the following courses are offered in a given year. Consult the Ottawa-Carleton Joint Institute for Civil Engineering (OCICE) and the Ottawa-Carleton Joint Institute for Environmental Engineering (OCIENE) websites for course and timetable information.

University of Ottawa course numbers (in parentheses) follow the Carleton course number and credit information.

All courses listed are one-term courses and may be offered in either fall or winter with the exception of projects and theses.

Civil Engineering Courses

CIVE 5101 [0.5 credit](CVG 7120)
Introductory Elasticity
Stresses and strains in a continuum; transformations, invariants; equations of motion; constitutive relations, generalized Hooke's Law, bounds for elastic constant: strain energy, superposition, uniqueness; formulation of plane stress and plane strain problems in rectangular Cartesian and curvilinear coordinates, Airy-Mitchell stress functions and Fourier solutions.
CIVE 5102 [0.5 credit] (CVG 7121)
Advanced Elasticity
Continuation of topics introduced in CIVE 5101. Complex variable solutions: torsional and thermal stresses; axially symmetric three-dimensional problems, Love's strain potential, Boussinesq-Galerkian stress functions; problems related to infinite and semi-infinite domains. Introduction to numerical methods of stress analysis, comparison of solutions.
Prerequisite: CIVE 5101 or permission of the Department.
CIVE 5103 [0.5 credit] (CVG 7122)
Finite Element Analysis 1
Stress-strain and strain-displacement relationships from elasticity. Plane stress and plane strain finite elements. Lagrange interpolation and Lagrange based element families. Theory of thin plates; overview of plate bending elements. Theory of shells; practical shell elements. Finite element methods formulation. Also offered at the undergraduate level, with different requirements, as CIVE 4201, for which additional credit is precluded.
CIVE 5104 [0.5 credit] (CVG 7123)
Earthquake Engineering
Advanced vibration analysis techniques; Rayleigh-Ritz procedure; subspace iteration; derived Ritz coordinates; proportional and non-proportional damping; introduction to seismology; earthquake response analysis via time and frequency domain; response spectrum approach; multiple input excitations; design considerations and code requirements; other advanced topics in earthquake engineering.
Prerequisite: CIVE 5106 or permission of the Department.
CIVE 5105 [0.5 credit] (CVG 7124)
Finite Element Analysis 2
Variational and Galerkin formulations: assumed displacement, assumed stress and hybrid elements; plate bending: convergence, completeness and conformity, patch test, Kirchhoff and Mindlin plate theories, nonlinear elasticity and plasticity; geometric non-linearity, Eulerian and Lagrangian formulations; incremental and iterative schemes, finite elements in dynamics.
Prerequisite: CIVE 5103 or permission of the Department.
CIVE 5106 [0.5 credit] (CVG 7137)
Dynamics of Structures
Structural dynamics, single and multi-degree-of-freedom systems, formulation of equations of motion, methods of analytical mechanics, free and forced vibrations, normal mode analysis, numerical methods for the response analyses of single and multiple-degree-of-freedom systems.
CIVE 5200 [0.5 credit] (CVG 7138)
Masonry Behaviour and Design
Properties of masonry materials and assemblages. Behaviour and design of walls, columns and lintels. Treatment of specialized design and construction topics. Design of lowrise and highrise structures. Discussion of masonry problems. Emphasis on a practice-oriented approach.
Also offered at the undergraduate level, with different requirements, as CIVE 4403, for which additional credit is precluded.
CIVE 5203 [0.5 credit] (CVG 7125)
Theory of Structural Stability
Elastic and inelastic behaviour of beam-columns; elastic and inelastic buckling of frames; application of energy methods to buckling problems; lateral-torsional buckling of columns and beams; buckling of plates; local buckling of columns and beams.
Prerequisite: CIVE 5205 or equivalent.
CIVE 5204 [0.5 credit] (CVG 7126)
Advanced Steel Structures
Limit states design philosophy; material behaviour; tension members; plate buckling; torsion; lateral torsional buckling; beams, axially loaded columns and beam-column behaviour; brittle fracture and fatigue; frame stability and second order effects.
CIVE 5205 [0.5 credit] (CVG 7127)
Advanced Structural Analysis
Matrix structural analysis; force and displacement method of analysis for planar and space structures; symmetric and anti-symmetric structures; analysis of nonlinear structures: geometric and material nonlinearities; large displacement theory and iteration strategy.
CIVE 5206 [0.5 credit] (CVG 7128)
Prestressed Concrete
Prestressed concrete materials; working stress design for flexure; ultimate strength design for flexure, shear, and torsion; prestress losses; deflection and camber; slabs; indeterminate beams and frames; introduction to prestressed bridges and circular tanks.
CIVE 5208 [0.5 credit] (CVG 7130)
Advanced Reinforced Concrete
The research background, development, and limitations in current building code provisions for reinforced concrete; yield line theory of slabs; safety and limit state design; computer design of concrete structures.
CIVE 5209 [0.5 credit] (CVG 7100)
Geotechnical Case Studies
The critical study of case histories relating to current procedures of design and construction in geotechnical engineering. The importance of instrumentation and monitoring field behaviour will be stressed. In-situ testing.
CIVE 5300 [0.5 credit] (CVG 7101)
Advanced Soil Mechanics
Effective stress, pore pressure parameters, saturated and partially saturated soils; seepage; permeability tensor, solutions of the Laplace equation; elastic equilibrium; anisotropy, non-homogeneity, consolidation theories; shear strength of cohesive and cohesionless soils; failure and yield criteria.
CIVE 5303 [0.5 credit] (CVG 7103)
Pavements and Materials
An analysis of the interaction of materials, traffic, and climate in the planning, design construction, evaluation, maintenance, and rehabilitation of highway and airport pavements.
CIVE 5304 [0.5 credit] (CVG 7150)
Intercity Transportation
Current modal and intermodal issues, including energy. Framework and process of intercity transport planning and management. Recent trends and system development. Passenger and freight demand and service characteristics. Future prospects and possibilities.
CIVE 5305 [0.5 credit] (CVG 7151)
Traffic Engineering
Introduction to principles of traffic engineering. Basic characteristics of drivers, vehicles, and traffic. Volume, speed, and delay studies. Traffic stream characteristics and queuing theory. Capacity analysis of roads and intersections. Safety.
CIVE 5306 [0.5 credit] (CVG 7152)
Highway Materials
Materials characterization and strength evaluation of soils, stabilized soils, aggregates, and asphalt concrete. Effects of low temperatures and frost on materials behaviour.
CIVE 5307 [0.5 credit] (CVG 7153)
Urban Transportation
Urban transportation systems, planning and management. Urban development models, an introduction. Urban transportation policy.
CIVE 5308 [0.5 credit] (CVG 7154)
Highway Geometric Design
Principles of highway geometric design. Components of the highway system, their interrelationships, abilities, limitations, and their relations with the design elements. Safety and human factors, and their interaction with the highway elements. New and evolving concepts.
CIVE 5309 [0.5 credit] (CVG 7155)
Transportation Supply
Advanced treatment of transportation planning and management concepts and techniques: transport supply issues, capacity and costs, evaluation of system improvements and extensions, transportation and development, policy impact analysis.
CIVE 5401 [0.5 credit] (CVG 7156)
Transportation Economics
Transportation, economic analysis framework. Transport industry output. Carrier operations. Issue of resource utilization, measurement, economics, supply of infrastructure, pricing; subsidies, externalities. Transport policy in Canada.
CIVE 5402 [0.5 credit] (CVG 7159)
Transportation Terminals
Framework for passenger terminal planning and design. Theory: the transfer function and network modeling; pedestrian flow characteristics; capacity of corridors, stairs, escalators, and elevators; layout planning. Practical applications: air, rail, metro, bus, ferry, and multi-modal terminals.
CIVE 5403 [0.5 credit] (CVG 7158)
Airport Planning
Framework for airport planning and design. Aircraft characteristics; demand forecasting; airport site selection; noise, airside capacity; geometric design; the passenger terminal complex; cargo area; general aviation; ground transportation; land use planning.
CIVE 5500 [0.5 credit] (CVG 7104)
Earth Retaining Structures
Approaches to the theoretical and semi-empirical analysis of earth retaining structures. Review of the earth pressure theories. Analysis and design methods for rigid and flexible retaining walls, braced excavations, and tunnels. Instrumentation and performance studies.
CIVE 5501 [0.5 credit] (CVG 7105)
Foundation Engineering
Review of methods of estimating compression and shear strength of soils. Bearing capacity of shallow and deep foundations. Foundations in slopes. Pile groups. Use of in-situ testing for design purposes.
CIVE 5502 [0.5 credit] (CVG 7106)
In-Situ Geotechnique
Subsurface exploration program. Soil and rock sampling. Geo-physical methods. Mechanical and hydraulic properties of soil and rock. Determination of strength and deformability. Critical evaluation of vane, pressuremeter, screw plate, dilatometer, borehole shear and plate load tests. Pumping, recharge and packer tests. In-situ stress measurements.
CIVE 5503 [0.5 credit] (CVG 7107)
Num. Methods in Geomechanics
Advanced theories of soil and rock behaviour. Plasticity models. Generalized failure criteria. Critical state and cap models. Dilatancy effects. Associative and non-associative flow rules. Hardening rules. Consolidation, visco-elasticity, creep behaviour. Finite element formulation. Iterative schemes. Time marching schemes. Solution of typical boundary value problems.
Prerequisite: CIVE 5101, CIVE 5103, or permission of the Department.
CIVE 5504 [0.5 credit] (CVG 7108)
Seepage through Soils
Surface-subsurface water relations. Steady flow. Flownet techniques. Numerical techniques. Seepage analogy models. Anisotropic and layered soils. Water retaining structures. Safety against erosion and piping. Filter design. Steady and non-steady flow towards wells. Multiple well systems. Subsidence due to ground water pumping.
Precludes additional credit for ENVE 5301.
CIVE 5505 [0.5 credit] (CVG 7109)
Geotechnical Earthquake Engineering
Seismic hazards, earthquakes and ground motion, wave propagation, ground response analysis, soil properties for dynamic analysis: laboratory tests, in-situ tests, modulus and damping curves, liquefaction susceptibility, post liquefaction response, seismic effects on slope stability, retaining structures.
Precludes additional credit for CIVE 5801 (2001-2003).
CIVE 5600 [0.5 credit] (CVG 7131)
Project Management
Managing building development, design, and construction including interrelationships among owners, developers, financing sources, designers, contractors, and users; project manager role and tasks; project objectives; feasibility analyses; budgets and financing; government regulations; environmental and social constraints; cost, time, and content quality controls and processes; human factors.
CIVE 5601 [0.5 credit] (CVG 7140)
Eng. Stats. and Probabilities
Review of basic concepts in statistics and probabilities. Bayes' Theorem. Distributions. Parameter estimation. Goodness-of-fit. Regression and correlation. OC curves. Monte Carlo simulation. ANOVA. Probability-based design criteria. System reliability. Selected applications in structures, transportation and geomechanics. Use of computer software. Emphasis on problem solving.
CIVE 5602 [0.5 credit] (CVG 7141)
Advanced Computer-Aided Design
Representation and processing of design constraints (such as building codes and other design rules); decision tables; constraint satisfaction. Automatic integrity and consistency maintenance of design databases; integrated CAD systems. Introduction to geometric modeling. Introduction to artificial intelligence. Also offered at the undergraduate level, with different requirements, as CIVE 4500, for which additional credit is precluded.
CIVE 5605 [0.5 credit] (CVG 7143)
Design of Steel Bridges
Basic features of steel bridges, design of slab-on-girder, box girder and truss bridges. Composite and non-composite design. Introduction to long span suspension and cable-stayed bridges. Discussion of relevant codes and specifications.
CIVE 5606 [0.5 credit] (CVG 7144)
Design of Concrete Bridges
Concrete and reinforcing steel properties, basic features of concrete bridges, design of superstructure in reinforced concrete slab, slab-on-girder and box girder bridges, an introduction to prestressed concrete bridges, design of bridge piers and abutments. In all cases the relevant provisions of Canadian bridge codes are discussed.
CIVE 5607 [0.5 credit] (CVG 7145)
Introduction to Bridge Design
Limit states design of highway bridges; methods of analysis, design and evaluation procedures of superstructure components; design codes; design loads and load factors; concrete deck design; load distributions; computer analysis; impact and dynamics; fatigue and brittle fracture; construction bracing; load capacity rating of existing bridges.
CIVE 5609 [0.5 credit] (CVG 7170)
Fundamentals of Fire Safety Engineering
The fire safety system, including social, economic and environmental issues; description of the fire safety regulatory system and the governing building codes and standards. This includes the global fire safety system in a facility and active fire protection systems; detection, suppression, smoke management. Precludes additional credit for CIVE 5707 (2001-2002).
CIVE 5610 [0.5 credit] (CVG 7171)
Fire Dynamics I
Fundamentals of combustion including material and energy balances, chemical thermodynamics, kinetics, premixed and diffusive burning. Advanced topics in the theory of combustion, flame propagation, efficiency of combustion, and the physico-chemical properties of combustible material.
Precludes additional credit for CIVE 5705 (2001-2003).
CIVE 5611 [0.5 credit] (CVG 7173)
People in Fires
Review of the work presented by the founders in the field of human behaviour in fire. Introduction to the basic notions of perception, cognition, information processing, decision-making and problem solving. Behavioural concepts such as panic, commitment, affiliation, familiarity and role are discussed.
Precludes additional credit for CIVE 5708 (2001-2003).
CIVE 5612 [0.5 credit] (CVG 7174)
Fire Modeling
Fire modeling and its role in fire safety engineering. Review of the main modeling techniques used in Fire Safety Engineering: network, zone and Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD).
Precludes additional credit for CIVE 5802 (2002-2003).
CIVE 5613 [0.5 credit] (CVG 7172)
Fire Dynamics II
Fire dynamics from ignition through heat transfer to growth and spread of fires and their suppression. Factors such as containment and its role in the dynamics of fires and explosions are covered.
Precludes additional credit for CIVE 5803 (2002-2003).
Prerequisite: CIVE 5610 Fire Dynamics I.
CIVE 5614 [0.5 credit] (CVG 7175)
Design for Fire Resistance
Behaviour of materials and structures at elevated temperatures; fire-resistance tests; fire-resistance ratings; building code requirements; real-world fires; assessing the fire resistance of steel, concrete and wood building assemblies.
Precludes additional credit for CIVE 5709 (2001-2003).
CIVE 5705-CIVE 5709 [0.5 credit]
(CVG 7300-7304)
Topics in Structures
Courses in special topics related to building design and construction, not covered by other graduate courses; details will be available some months prior to registration.
CIVE 5800-CIVE 5804 [0.5 credit]
(CVG 7305-7309)
Topics in Geotechnique
Courses in special topics in geotechnical engineering, not covered by other graduate courses; details will be available some months prior to registration.
CIVE 5805-CIVE 5809 [0.5 credit]
(CVG 7310 - 7314)
Topics in Transportation
Courses in special topics in transportation engineering, not covered by other graduate courses; details will be available some months prior to registration.
CIVE 5900 [1.5 credit]
Civil Engineering Project
Students enrolled in the M.Eng. program by course work will conduct an engineering study, analysis, or design project under the general supervision of a member of the Department.
CIVE 5906 [0.5 credit]
Directed Studies 1
CIVE 5907 [0.5 credit]
Directed Studies 2
CIVE 5909 [3.0 credits]
M.A.Sc. Thesis
CIVE 6909 [7.5 credits]
Ph.D. Thesis

Environmental Engineering Courses

ENVE 5001 [0.5 credit] (CVG 5001)
Biofilm Processes
Physical, chemical properties, microbial ecology of biofilms. Biofilm processes, attachment, growth, sloughing. Transport and interfacial transfer phenomena; mass transfer models, mass transport in biofilms, deposition of solids. Modeling biofilm systems; species models, mass balance equations, boundary conditions, moving boundary problem, analytical and numerical solutions.
ENVE 5101 [0.5 credit] (EVG 7101)
Air Pollution Control
Air quality and pollution; definitions, measurement and monitoring methods. Criteria pollutants, air toxics, particulate matter, secondary pollutants. Pollutant formation mechanisms. Major sources and control methods. Meteorology and principles of dispersion modeling. Principles of receptor modeling. Indoor air quality.
Also offered at the undergraduate level, with different requirements, as ENVE 4003, for which additional credit is precluded.
ENVE 5102 [0.5 credit] (CVG 7161)
Traffic-Related Air Pollution
Pollutant formation, emission characterization, emission control technology and emission modeling from motor vehicles. Dispersion and receptor modeling for conservative pollutants in urban microenvironments. Personal exposure and health risk assessment.
ENVE 5103 [0.5 credit] (CVG 7162)
Air Quality Modeling
Dispersion modeling for simple and complex sources and complex terrain. Physical and chemical transformations for pollutants in the atmosphere. Urban and regional air pollution modeling for reactive pollutants. The urban air shed model. Regional air quality modeling case studies.
ENVE 5104 [0.5 credit] (EVG 7104)
Indoor Air Quality
Indoor air quality as a component of the indoor environment; physical and chemical parameters for characterization. Types and sources of indoor air pollution, measurement techniques. Heating, ventilation, and air conditioning practices and issues. The human factor in identifying and controlling indoor air pollution.
ENVE 5201 [0.5 credit] (EVG 7201)
Geo-Environmental Engineering
Landfill design; hydrogeologic principles, water budget, landfill liners, geosynthetics, landfill covers, quality control and quality assurance, clay/leachate interaction, composite liner design and leachate collection systems. Landfill operation, maintenance and monitoring. Design of environmental control and containment systems; slurry walls, grout curtains, Case studies.
Also offered at the undergraduate level, with different requirements, as ENVE 4002, for which additional credit is precluded.
ENVE 5202 [0.5 credit] (EVG 7202)
Contaminant Fate Mechanisms
Mechanisms and chemical properties influencing the fate of toxic contaminants in environmental systems; liquid-gas partitioning and mass transfer, liquid-solid partitioning, abiotic and biotic degradation of toxics. Fate of toxics in wastewater collection and treatment systems. Treatment of residual streams; sludges, air streams. Mechanisms influencing the fate of toxic contaminants in aquatic and subsurface environments.
ENVE 5203 [0.5 credit] (EVG 5203)
Hazardous & Radioactive Wastes
Classification of hazardous, radioactive and mixed wastes, hazardous waste treatment processes, wastes generated in the nuclear fuel cycle, radioactive waste classification, radioactive waste treatment and management of residuals, engineered systems for long-term isolation and disposal, mixed waste management.
Also offered at the undergraduate level, with different requirements, as ENVE 4101, for which additional credit is precluded.
ENVE 5301 [0.5 credit] (EVG 7301)
Contaminant Hydrogeology
Theory of flow through porous media; soil characterization, soil properties, anisotropy, heterogeneity. Contaminant transport. Well hydraulics and pump tests. Introduction to numerical modeling; finite difference, finite elements, conceptual model, boundary conditions. Site remediation and remediation technologies.
Also offered at the undergraduate level, with different requirements, as ENVE 4006, for which additional credit is precluded.
ENVE 5302 [0.5 credit] (CVG 7163)
Case Studies in Hydrogeology
Development of a conceptual model; chemistry, geology and hydrology, site characterization, initial and boundary conditions. Application of industry-recognized computer codes to model flow and contaminant transport at a particular site. Evaluation of remedial alternatives at a site. Modeling of the more common remediation technologies (soil vapour extraction, air sparging, pump and treat, biodegradation).
ENVE 5303 [0.5 credit] (EVG 7303)
Multiphase Flow in Soils
Theory of unsaturated flow and multiphase flow; capillary pressure-saturation relationships, relative permeability relationships, wettability, hysteresis, fluid entrapment, residual saturations, governing equations for flow and transport. Richard's Equation for unsaturated flow. Modeling of multiphase flow.
ENVE 5401 [0.5 credit] (EVG 7401)
Env. Impacts of Major Projects
Regulatory framework and impact assessment requirements for project approvals, survey of the components of the EIA process and methodology, the review process, public participation in environmental decision-making, preparation of the EIA document, case studies of major engineering projects.
ENVE 5402 [0.5 credit] (EVG 7402)
Finite Elements in Field Problems
Use of Galerkin and Ritz finite element formulations to solve one and two dimensional field problems. Steady state and time-dependent phenomena involving heat transfer, fluid flow, diffusion, and dispersion with emphasis on practical applications. Basic knowledge of third year-level undergraduate engineering mathematics and physics required.
ENVE 5701 - ENVE 5705 [0.5 credit]
(EVG 7301 - EVG 7305)
Topics in Environmental Engineering
Courses in special topics in environmental engineering not covered by other graduate courses; details will be available some months prior to registration.
ENVE 5800 [0.0 credit] (EVG 7800)
Master's Seminar
The series consists of presentations by graduate students or external speakers. Graduate students in the Environmental Engineering program are required to participate in these seminar series by attending all seminars and making at least one presentation during their graduate studies.
ENVE 5900 [1.0 credit]
Environmental Engineering Project
Students enrolled in the M.Eng. program by course work will conduct an engineering study, analysis, or design project under the general supervision of a member of the Department.
ENVE 5906 [0.5 credit] (EVG 6108)
Directed Studies 1
Precludes additional credit for CIVE 5906.
ENVE 5907 [0.5 credit] (EVG 6109)
Directed Studies 2
Precludes additional credit for CIVE 5907.
ENVE 5909 [3.0 credits]
Master's Thesis
ENVE 6909 [8.5 credits]
Ph.D. Thesis
ENVE 7800 [0.0 credit] (EVG 7801)
Ph.D. Seminar
The series consists of presentations by graduate students or external speakers. Graduate students in the Environmental Engineering program are required to participate in these seminar series by attending all seminars and making at least one presentation during their graduate studies.

Other Courses of Particular Interest

Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering
MECH 5104, MECH 5107, MECH 5201, MECH 5500, MECH 5601, MECH 5602, MECH 5608
Systems and Computer Engineering
SYSC 5001
GEOG 5302, GEOG 5303, GEOG 5304
Public Administration
PADM 5100, PADM 5101
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