Mackenzie Building 5170
Chair of the Department: L. Roy
Associate Chair, Graduate Studies: B. Syrett
In addition to University and Graduate Faculty regulations, all
Engineering departments share common procedures that are described in
Section 18 of the General Regulations section of this Calendar.
The Department of Electronics offers programs of study and research
leading to M.A.Sc., M.Eng. and Ph.D. degrees in Electrical Engineering.
These degrees are offered through the Ottawa-Carleton Institute for
Electrical and Computer Engineering (OCIECE), which is jointly administered
by the Departments of Electronics and of Systems and Computer Engineering
at Carleton University, and the School of Information Technology and
Engineering (SITE) at the University of Ottawa. For further information,
including admission and program requirements, see the Institute's section
of this Calendar.
The Department of Electronics is concerned with the fields of applied
and physical electronics. Effort is strongest in four broad areas:
computer-aided design for electronic circuits; physics and fabrication
technology for solid-state electronic and photonic devices; VLSI and
high-speed analog integrated circuits; and microwave and photonic
subsystems and circuits. Specific areas of specialization include:
Computer-Aided Circuit Design
Development of hierarchical simulators for mixed analog/digital
circuits; analysis and design of switched-capacitor networks; analysis and
design of high speed circuits; optimization techniques; synthesis of VLSI
circuits using both algorithmic and knowledge-based approaches; analysis
and simulations of communications systems links; layout synthesis and
Waveguides and holographic optical elements for optical interconnects;
electro-opti c modulators and switches; waveguides for sensing
Solid State Devices
Fundamental semiconductor device physics; device design and novel device
structures; device modeling for CAD; new fabrication processes; submicron
and quantum effect devices; photovoltaics; semiconductor sensors and
Integrated Circuit Engineering
Design and development of linear and digital integrated circuits;
fabrication processes and test techniques; MOS, bipolar and BiCMOS ICs;
VLSI; computer-aided circuit design; MEMS.
Analog Signal Processing
Switched-capacitor filters, transversal filters, operational amplifiers
and radio frequency functions in analog signal processing applications,
particularly for integrated circuit realization.
Active filters; linear and nonlinear circuit design; computer-aided
circuit design; phase-locked circuits, carriers and clock synchronizers;
mixers, modulators and demodulators.
Microwave amplifiers, oscillators, modulators, frequency converters,
phase-shifters; use of FET and bipolar transistors, Schottky barrier,
varactor, step recovery and PIN diodes; design using finline, microstrip,
stripline, coax, and waveguide; monolithic microwave ICs in GaAs; miniature
hybrid microwave ICs. High-performance microwave packaging including low
temperature co-fired ceramics.
Communications and Radar Electronics
Circuits for terrestrial and satellite communications; circuit
implementation of digital modulation techniques; antenna and array design;
communication channel characterization; optical communications circuits;
radar transmitter and receiver design.
The Department is part of the CITO (Communications and Information
Technology of Ontario) Centre of Excellence. Current research areas of the
Centre with major participation from the Department are: integrated
services digital networks, mobile and portable wireless networks, VLSI in
communications, and millimetre wave/optical antennas and circuits for
The Department is a member, along with seven other Canadian universities
and several major industrial organizations, of Micronet, the federally
sponsored network on Microelectronic Devices, Circuits and Systems for ULSI
(ultra-large scale integration). Within the Department Micronet supports
research on: device structures, modeling and fabrication processes for
submicron CMOS and BiCMOS ICs; high-speed filters, phase detectors, A-to-D
converters, frequency synthesizers and other circuit elements for silicon
ICs operating at radio frequencies; analysis and optimization of
interconnects for high-speed ICs; and automated generation of custom cells
for VLSI design.
The structure of the courses offered allows a well-integrated master's
or Ph.D. program of study to be chosen that is appropriately related to the
field of thesis research. Device- and integrated-circuit-oriented courses
cover: fabrication, semiconductor device theory, semiconductor device
design, integrated circuit design, and integrated circuit reliability.
Circuit-oriented courses include: signal-processing electronics,
microprocessor electronics, computer-aided circuit design, phase-locked
circuits, filter circuits, RF and microwave circuits, antenna and array
design. Systems-oriented courses cover: optical fibre communications and
Housed in a Class 100 cleanroom, this laboratory offers a complete set
of equipment for the fabrication of solid state devices and small-scale
integrated circuits for research purposes. There is a strong emphasis on
silicon devices and process technology, including MEMS and silicon
photonics. Photomasks can be generated in house. An e-beam direct-write
system supports deep submicron lithography. Modern diffusion furnaces can
grow industrial qua lity gate oxide. LPCVD of silicon nitride, glasses, and
polysilicon is available. RIE and ECR plasma etchers can pattern deep
submicron features. Magnetron and RF sputtering and e-beam and thermal
evaporation are available for metal deposition. A rapid thermal annealer
and a variety of diagnostic tools including a SEM, ellipsometer and thin
film profilometer complete the equipment set. A well-equipped semiconductor
device characterization laboratory complements the facility.
Computing and Circuit Design Facilities
The Department has excellent computing facilities for software
development, circuit design and layout for integrated circuits and
microwave circuits. IC designs using synthesis, standard cells and layout
are supported for fabrication through the Canadian Microelectronics
Corporation or in-house.
The graduate computer network consists of 70 SUN workstations and has
access to the Internet. Industry standard software includes CADENCE, Mentor
Graphics, SYNOPSYS, HSpice, SUPREM, Xilinx, MEDICI, Agilent ADS, Agilent
Momentum, Agilent HFSS, MATLAB, MATHEMATICA, FRAMEMAKER, and others.
Advanced instrumentation is available supporting automated testing of
both analog and digital integrated circuits at frequencies up to 20 GHz.
Low noise test facilities include a phase noise measurement system, dynamic
signal analyzers, spectrum analyzers, network analyzers, arbitrary waveform
generators, digital sampling oscilloscopes, digital data analyzers and
generators, and RF frequency synthesizers, all of which may be controlled
using the IEEE 488 interface.
The Department has up-to-date facilities for circuit development and
measurement including wafer probing at microwave frequencies ranging up to
40 GHz . There are also facilities for work at optical frequencies.
Thin-film microwave integrated circuits can be fabricated in-house; there
is provision for the fabrication of GaAs MMICs through foundry services.
Special purpose microwave equip ment includes automated network analyzers,
spectrum analyzers and frequency synthesizers, and a complete microwave
link analyzer. Data generators and error-detection equipment is available
for work on digital communications. The Department also has an anechoic
chamber with an automated measurement system for the characterization of
antennas up to 20GHz. The research laboratories maintain extensive
collaboration with government and industrial research and development
agencies in the Ottawa area.
Not all of the following courses are offered in a given year.For an
up-to-date statement of course offerings for 2004-2005 and to determine the
term of offering, consult the Registration Instructions and Class Schedule
booklet, published in the summer and also available online at
Course Designation System
Carleton's course designation system has been restructured. The first
entry of each course description below is the new alphanumeric Carleton
course code, followed by its credit value in brackets. The old Carleton
course number (in parentheses) is included for reference, where
Courses offered by the Department of Electronics are as follows:
- ELEC 5200 [0.5 credit] (ELG 6320)
- Advanced Topics in Integrated Circuits and Devices
- Topics vary from year to year.
- ELEC 5404 [0.5 credit] (ELG 6344)
- Neural Networks for High-Speed/High-Frequency Circuit
- Introduction to neural network methodologies for computer-aided
design of high-speed/high-frequency circuits, including modeling of
passive and active devices/circuits, and their applications in
high-level design and optimization in wired and wireless electronic
- ELEC 5409 [0.5 credit] (ELG 6349)
- Microwave and Millimeterwave Integrated Circuits
- Design of communications electronics components with emphasis on
GaAs MMIC implementation. Overview of MESFET, HEMT, HBT device
modeling. Integrated lumped/ distributed passive element modeling.
Broadband impedance matching. Design of direct-coupled amplifiers,
distributed amplifiers, power devices and amplifiers, phase shifters,
switches, attenuators, mixers, oscillators.
- ELEC 5501 [0.5 credit] (formerly 97.551)(ELG 6351)
- Passive Microwave Circuits
- Characteristics of homogeneous and inhomogeneous transmission lines
and waveguides. Planar transmission lines: stripline, microstrip,
coplanar line, slotline. Coupled transmission lines. Modeling of
discontinuities. Ferrite components. Microwave network analysis:
s-parameters, CAD models. Design of impedance-matching networks,
directional couplers, power splitters, filters. Applications in MICs
- ELEC 5502 [0.5 credit] (formerly 97.552)(ELG 6352)
- Analog Integrated Filters
- The fundamentals and details of analog continuous-time and SAW
filters. Comparison to switched-capacitor filters. Review of filter
concepts, types of filters, approximations, transformations. Building
blocks such as op amps, transconductance amplifiers, and gyrators.
Design using cascaded second-order sections, multiple loop feedback and
LC ladder simulations.
- ELEC 5503 [0.5 credit] (formerly 97.553) (ELG 6353)
- Radio Frequency Integrated Circuit Design
- Integrated radio front-end component design. Overview of radio
systems, frequency response, gain, noise, linearity, intermodulation,
image rejection, impedance matching, stability, and power dissipation.
Detailed design of low-noise amplifiers, mixers, oscillators and power
amplifiers. Use of on-chip inductors and baluns. Process variations,
parasitics, and packaging.
- ELEC 5504 [0.5 credit] (formerly 97.554) (ELG 6354)
- Analysis of High-Speed Electronic Packages and
- Introduction to modeling, simulation and optimization of high-speed
VLSI packages; models for packages, interconnects and ground/power
planes; lumped, distributed and EM models for interconnects; delay,
crosstalk and switching noise; moment matching techniques; concurrent
thermal/electrical analysis of IC packages and boards.
- ELEC 5506 [0.5 credit] (formerly 97.556) (ELG 6356)
- Simulation and Optimization of Electronic Circuits
- Introduction to computer simulation and optimization of electrical
circuits. Time- and frequency-domain formulations for sensitivity
analysis and optimization. Optimization techniques for performance-,
cost- and yield-driven design of electronic circuits. Optimization
approaches to modeling and parameter extraction of active and passive
- ELEC 5508 [0.5 credit] (formerly 97.558) (ELG 6358)
- Computer Methods for Analysis and Design of VLSI
- Formulation of circuit equations. Sparse matrix techniques.
Frequency and time-domain solutions. Relaxation techniques and timing
analysis. Noise and distortion analysis. Transmission line effects.
Interconnect analysis and crosstalk simulation. Numerical inversion
techniques. Asymptotic waveform estimation. Mixed frequency/time domain
techniques. Sensitivity analysis.
- ELEC 5509 [0.5 credit] (formerly 97.559) (ELG 6359)
- Integrated Circuit Technology
- Survey of technology used in silicon VLSI integrated circuit
fabrication. Crystal growth and crystal defects, oxidation, diffusion,
ion implantation and annealing, gettering, CVD, etching, materials for
metallization and contacting, and photolithography. Structures and
fabrication techniques required for submicron MOSFETs. Applications in
advanced CMOS processes.
- ELEC 5600 [0.5 credit] (formerly 97.560) (ELG 6360)
- Digital Integrated Circuit Testing
- Production testing of digital integrated circuits. Outline of
methods of testing used in production. Testing schemes and design for
testability. Faults and fault models, yield estimates, testability
measures, fault simulation, test generation methods, sequential
testing, scan design, boundary scan, built-in self test, CMOS
- ELEC 5602 [0.5 credit] (formerly 97.562) (ELG 6362)
- Microwave Semiconductor Devices and Applications
- Theory of operation for microwave diodes (varactor, p-i-n, Gunn,
IMPATT) and transistors (BJT, MESFET, HBT, HEMT). Small-signal,
large-signal, and noise models for CAD. Diode oscillators and
reflection amplifiers. Design of transistor oscillators and amplifiers.
Discussion of technology/fabrication issues and MMIC applications.
- ELEC 5604 [0.5 credit] (formerly 97.564) (ELG 6364)
- Radar Systems
- Fundamentals; range equation, minimum detectable signal, radar
cross-section, puls e repetition frequency, range ambiguities. Radar
classes: CW, FM-CW, MTI, tracking, air surveillance, SSR, PAR, MLS,
SAR, SLAR, OTH, 3D and bistatic radars. Radar subsystems; transmitters,
antennas, receivers, processors, displays, detection criteria; CFAR
receivers, noise, clutter precipitation.
- ELEC 5605 [0.5 credit] (formerly 97.565) (ELG 6365)
- Optical Fibre Communications
- Transmission characteristics of and design considerations for
multi-mode and single-mode optical fibre waveguides; materials,
structures, and device properties of laser light sources; properties
and performance of p-i-n and avalanche photodiodes; types of optical
fibre signal formats, preamplifier topologies, noise, receiver
sensitivity, transmitter design, link design.
- ELEC 5606 [0.5 credit] (formerly 97.566) (ELG 6366)
- Phase-Locked Loops and Receiver Synchronizers
- Phase-locked loops; components, fundamentals, stability, transient
response, sinusoidal operation, noise performance, tracking,
acquisition and optimization. Receiver synchronizers: carrier
synchronizers including squaring loop, Costas loop, and remodulator for
BPSK, QPSK BER performance; clock synchronizers including early-late
gate, in-phase/midphase, and delay line multiplier.
- ELEC 5607 [0.5 credit] (formerly 97.567) (ELG 6367)
- Antennas and Arrays
- Design projects are interspersed with live and video lectures.
Lectures cover definitions, wire structures, mutual coupling,
method-of-moments, array theory, photonic devices, frequency
independent structures, reflectors, horns, feeds, slotted waveguide and
microstrip arrays. Design projects include a printed dipole, yagi and
series-fed microstrip patch array.
- ELEC 5608 [0.5 credit] (formerly 97.568) (ELG 6368)
- Fourier Optics
- The theory and applications of diffractive and non-diffractive
coherent optics, with emphasis on holograms, tomography and high-speed
optical computing. Mathematical basis: generalized 2-D Fourier
transforms, transfer function of an optical system, 2-D sampling
theory, Helmholtz equation, Green's theorem, and the classical
- ELEC 5609 [0.5 credit] (formerly 97.569) (ELG 6369)
- Nonlinear Microwave Devices and Effects
- The physical basis and mathematical modeling of a variety of
microwave/millimeter-wave devices, (some of which exhibit the most
extreme nonlinear behaviour known), how they can be exploited in
practical circuits and systems, and how the resulting device/circuit
interactions can be analyzed.
- ELEC 5702 [0.5 credit] (formerly 97.572) (ELG 6372)
- Optical Electronics
- Electromagnetic wave propagation in crystals; review of geometric
optics; Gaussian beam propagation; optical fibres; dielectric
waveguides for optical integrated circuits; optical resonators; optical
properties of materials; theory of laser oscillation; specific laser
systems; electro-optic modulators; photorefractive materials and
applications; holography; optical interconnects.
- ELEC 5703 [0.5 credit] (formerly 97.573) (ELG 6373)
- Advanced Topics in Solid State Devices and IC
- Recent and advanced topics in semiconductor device physics,
modeling, and integrated circuit fabrication technology. Topic varies
from year to year according to departmental research interests.
Students may be expected to contribute lectures or seminars on selected
- ELEC 5704 [0.5 credit] (formerly 97.574) (ELG 6374)
- Advanced Topics in CAD
- Recent and advanced topics in computer-aided techniques for the
design of VLSI and telecommunications circuits. Topics will vary from
year to year according to the departmental research interests. Students
may be expected to contribute lectures or seminars on selected
- ELEC 5705 [0.5 credit] (formerly 97.575) (ELG 6375)
- Advanced Topics in VLSI
- Recent and advanced topics in the design of very large scale
integrated circuits, with emphasis on mixed analog/digital circuits for
telecommunications applications. Topic varies from year to year
according to departmental research interests. Students may be expected
to contribute lectures or seminars on selected topics.
- ELEC 5706 [0.5 credit] (formerly 97.576) (ELG 6376)
- Submicron CMOS and BiCMOS Circuits for Sampled Data
- The analog aspects of digital CMOS and BiCMOS circuit design in
submicron technologies including reliability; sampled analog circuits,
including amplifier non-ideal characteristics and switch charge
injection; CMOS/BiCMOS amplifier design considerations, leading up to
standard folded-cascode and two-stage circuits.
- ELEC 5707 [0.5 credit] (formerly 97.577) (ELG 6377)
- Microelectronic Sensors
- Fabrication and physical principles of operation of microelectronic
sensors. A large variety of sensors will be studied and the basic
fabrication methods used in their production reviewed. The devices
discussed will include optical sensors, fibre optic sensors, magnetic
sensors, temperature sensors and, briefly, chemical sensors.
- ELEC 5708 [0.5 credit] (formerly 97.578) (ELG 6378)
- ASICs in Telecommunications
- Modern ASIC technologies for Telecom will be introduced. Circuit
level building blocks for typical wireline and wireless applications
will be overviewed. Both analog and digital circuits will be
considered. A topical literature study, circuit level design exercises
and take home final exam will be required.
- ELEC 5709 [0.5 credit] (formerly 97.579) (ELG 6379)
- Advanced Topics in Electromagnetics
- Recent and advanced topics in electro-magnetics, antennas, radar
systems, microwave devices and circuits, or optoelectronics. The
subject material will vary from year to yea r according to research
interests in the department and/or expertise provided by visiting
scholars or sessional lecturers.
- ELEC 5800 [0.5 credit] (formerly 97.580) (ELG 6380)
- Theory of Semiconductor Devices
- Equilibrium and non-equilibrium conditions in a semiconductor.
Carrier transport theory. Physical theory of basic semiconductor device
structures and aspects of design: PN junctions and bipolar transistors,
field effect devices. Current transport relationships for transistors.
Charge control theory. Modeling of device mechanisms. Performance
limitations of transistors.
- ELEC 5802 [0.5 credit] (formerly 97.582) (ELG 6382)
- Surface-Controlled Semiconductor Devices
- Fundamentals of the MOS system; MOS capacitors. Long channel
behaviour: theory, limitations and performance of the SPICE level 1 and
2 models. Small geometry effects. Subthreshold operation and modeling.
Hot electron effects and reliability.
- ELEC 5803 [0.5 credit] (formerly 97.583) (ELG 6383)
- Behavioural Synthesis of ICs
- Various topics related to computer analysis and synthesis of VLSI
circuits including: logic synthesis, finite state machine synthesis,
design methodologies, design for reuse, testing, common VLSI functions,
a review of Verilog.
- Prerequisite: Some IC design knowledge such as given in ELEC
- ELEC 5804 [0.5 credit] (formerly 97.584) (ELG 6384)
- VLSI Design
- An IC design course with a strong emphasis on design methodology,
to be followed by 97.585 in the second term. The design philosophies
considered will include Full Custom design, standard cells, gate-arrays
and sea-of-gates using CMOS and BiCMOS technology. State-of-the-art
computer-aided design tools are used.
- ELEC 5805 [0.5 credit] (formerly 97.585) (ELG 6385)
- VLSI Design Project
- Using state-of-the-art CMOS and BiCMOS technologies, students will
initiate their own design of an integrated circuit using tools in the
CAD lab and submit it for fabrication where the design warrants.
- ELEC 5808 [0.5 credit] (formerly 97.588) (ELG 6388)
- Signal Processing Electronics
- CCDs, transveral filters, recursive filters, switched capacitor
filters, with particular emphasis on integration of analog signal
processing techniques in monolithic MOS ICs. Detailed op amp design in
CMOS technology. Implications of nonideal op amp behaviour in filter
performance. Basic sampled data concepts.
- ELEC 5900 [0.5 credit] (formerly 97.590)
- Engineering Project I
- A one-term course, carrying 0.5 credit, for students pursuing the
course work M.Eng. program. An engineering study, analysis and/or
design project under the supervision of a faculty member. Written and
oral reports are required. This course may be repeated for credit.
- ELEC 5901 [1.0 credit] (formerly 97.591)
- Engineering Project II
- A one-term course, carrying full-course credit, for students
pursuing the course work or co-op M.Eng. program. An engineering study,
analysis and/or design project under the supervision of a faculty
member. Written and oral reports are required. This course may be
repeated for credit.
- ELEC 5906 [0.5 credit] (formerly 97.596)
- Directed Studies
- Various possibilities exist for pursuing directed studies on topics
approved by a course supervisor, including the above listed course
topics where they are not offered on a formal basis.
- ELEC 5909 [2.0 credits] (formerly 97.599)
- M.A.Sc. Thesis
- ELEC 6909 [8.5 credits] (formerly 97.699)
- Ph.D. Thesis