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Graduate Calendar Archives: 2004 / 2005

Eric Sprott School of Business

Dunton Tower 710
Telephone: 520-2388
Fax: 520-4427

The Department

Director of the School: Vinod Kumar
Supervisor of Graduate Programs:Uma Kumar

The Eric Sprott School of Business offers a program of study and research leading to the degrees of Master of Business Administration and Ph.D. in Management.

Master of Business Administration

The focus of the M.B.A. program at the Eric Sprott School of Business is the management of innovation, technology and change in organizations operating in a global context. It provides candidates who already have a basic business education with the conceptual and methodological skills necessary to advance their management careers and to progress to greater executive challenges. The program also offers an opportunity for students to pursue their MBA through a more research-oriented version of the program.

The core of the program is a set of integrative courses which build on the preparatory courses that each student must have completed prior to entry (see admission requirements below), together with a research project. Students in the research option will complete a research thesis instead of a research project. The integrative courses comprise Innovation Management, Managing Transformational Change, Digital Business, and Enterprise Development. Each of these subjects will be presented in an integrative and applied way in order to enable each student to relate the material to their own particular contexts. In addition, students will select elective courses to develop specific expertise in one or more areas.

The main areas of specialization within the program are:

  • Business Information Systems
  • Finance
  • International Business
  • Management
  • Marketing
  • Production and Operations
  • Research and Development Administration

Graduate students in the School of Business are governed by the General Regulations section of this Calendar.

Admission Requirements

Admission into the program is judged primarily on the applicant's ability to successfully undertake advanced study in business, his/her prospects for successful and timely completion, work experience and achievement. Applicants to the Research Thesis option are also assessed in terms of their potential for independent research.

Applicants are expected to have the equivalent of an Honours bachelor's degree, with a minimum of high honours standing. Applicants are expected to have credits in mathematics and to have completed the following core courses, or their equivalents, in the functional areas of business:

  • BUSI 1001: Principles of Financial Accounting
  • BUSI 1002: Management Accounting
  • BUSI 2101: Introduction to Organizational Behaviour
  • BUSI 2208: Introduction to Marketing, or BUSI 2204: Basic Marketing
  • BUSI 2300: Introduction to Management Science
  • BUSI 2400: Introduction to Information Systems
  • BUSI 2504: Essentials of Business Finance
  • ECON 2200: Statistical Methods in the Social Sciences

In addition, applicants are expected to have an upper-level course sequence in their proposed area of business specialization, and to have an adequate grounding in at least one supporting fundamental discipline such as economics, psychology, sociology, mathematics, anthropology, or computer science.

The Sprott School requires that all applicants submit scores obtained in the Graduate Management Admission Test (GMAT) offered by Educational Testing Services of Princeton, New Jersey. A minimum GMAT score of 600 will normally be required for admission. All applicants whose native tongue is not English must be tested for proficiency in the English language and obtain a minimum score of 550 on the TOEFL, or its equivalent. (See General Regulations on p.54.)

The Sprott School's admission policy is governed by the availability of graduate student space. Possession of the minimum admission requirements does not, in itself, guarantee acceptance. Advanced standing may be granted for required courses only if previous work is judged to be equivalent to courses required in the program. Advanced standing and transfer of credit must be determined on an individual basis in consultation with the supervisor of graduate studies and must be approved at the time of admission by the Dean of the Faculty of Graduate Studies and Research. In general, a grade of B- or better is required in equivalent courses to obtain advanced standing.

Admission Requirements for Fast Track M.B.A.

Applicants who have:

  • an honours business degree (equivalent to a B.Com. from Carleton University) or the expectation of completing the course requirements for such a degree by May of the year in which they plan to join the M.B.A. program;
  • a minimum grade point average (GPA) of 10.0 in their business courses and 9.0 GPA or better overall in their business degree program;
  • successfully completed courses in research methods (equivalent to BUSI 5902, Business Research Methods) and multivariate statistics (equivalent to BUSI 5903, Multivariate Statistics for Business Research) may apply for admission into the M.B.A program (Research Thesis option);
  • without having to write an otherwise-required GMAT test, and
  • may be admitted with an advanced standing of 1.0 credit.

Program Requirements

The requirement for the Master of Business Administration degree is the equivalent of 5.0 credits, of which at least 4.0 credits must be at the 5000-level or above. Candidates are required to select and follow one of the optional program patterns below, chosen in consultation with, and subject to the approval of, the supervisor of graduate studies at the Sprott School:

Research Project Program

  • 0.5 credit from BUSI 5902, Business Research Methods or BUSI 5903, Multivariate Statistics for Business Research (as approved by the supervisor of graduate studies at the Sprott School) 2.0 credits of integrative courses: BUSI 5805, Innovation Management; BUSI 5806, Managing Transformational Change; BUSI 5807, Digital Business; BUSI 5808, Enterprise Development
  • 1.5 credits of approved electives, selected from those offered by the Sprott School or by other academic units, and approved by the Sprott School as suitable for the student's program.
  • Research Project BUSI 5908 (1.0 credit)

Research Thesis Program

  • 1.5 credits of required courses, BUSI 5902, Business Research Methods, BUSI 5903, Multivariate Statistics for Business Research, BUSI 5907, MBA Thesis Tutorial
  • 1.0 credit of integrative courses: one of BUSI 5805, Innovation Management or BUSI 5806, Managing Transformational Change, and one of BUSI 5807, Digital Business or BUSI 5808, Enterprise Development
  • 1.0 credit of approved electives, selected from those offered by the Sprott School or by other academic units, and approved by the Sprott School as suitable for the student's program.
  • Research Thesis BUSI 5909 (1.5 credits)

Under exceptional circumstances, a student may, with the permission of the Sprott School, switch from the Research Thesis program to the Research Project program, and vice versa, subject to completion of the required courses. In such a case, a student enrolled in the fast track MBA may be required to forego the 1.0 credit of advanced standing.

Research Project

  • Business BUSI 5908

    The research project is equivalent to 1.0 credit. It normally focuses on a real business problem, and will be carried out under the direct supervision of one or more faculty members, and where possible, in collaboration with a manager at a cooperating business or other organization. All students require the Sprott School's approval for their proposed research project topic. Each candidate undertaking a research project will be required to submit a formal research project report for evaluation.

Research Thesis

  • Business BUSI 5909

    The M.B.A. thesis is equivalent to 1.5 credits, and should relate to issues consistent with the general focus of the MBA program. The thesis must represent the results of the candidate's independent research undertaken after being admitted to graduate studies at Carleton University's Eric Sprott School of Business. Previous work of the candidate may be used only as introductory or background material for the thesis.

    A candidate may carry on research work related to the thesis off-campus provided that the work is approved in advance and arrangements have been made for regular supervision of research thesis activities with the Sprott School's supervisor of graduate studies.

    All students require the Sprott School's approval for their research topic.

    Each candidate submitting a thesis will be required to pass an oral examination on the subject of the thesis.

Academic Standing

A grade of B- or better normally must be obtained in each credit counted towards the degree. A candidate may, with the recommendation of the School and the approval of the Dean of the Faculty of Graduate Studies and Research, be allowed a grade of C+ in 1.0 credit (or the equivalent).

Doctor of Philosophy

The focus of the Ph.D. program in Management is applied and basic research on complex management problems in a rapidly changing and globally oriented environment. The doctoral program in management is designed to develop graduates skilled in research with both a theoretical and practical understanding of the complex problems of business and managers. These graduates will pursue careers in university education and research, in training and research in private and public sector organizations, and in business management.

The program is designed to accomplish its objectives by its orientation to a holistic, integrative, and discipline-supported approach to management problem solving, focused on critical issues facing managers in organizations in both the private and public sectors.

The degree will normally be pursued on a full-time basis for the first two years.

Admission Requirements

Admission into the Ph.D. program will be judged primarily on the applicant's ability to undertake research successfully and his/her prospects for completion of the program. Admission to the Ph.D. program is governed by the requirements stated in the General Regulations section of this Calendar.

The normal requirement f or admission to the doctoral program in management is a master's degree (or equivalent) in business or a related field with an A- average. A number of years of work experience is desirable.

A student enrolled in the M.B.A. program (or a similar research-based master's program in business) who has completed a minimum of 2.5 credits and who has shown outstanding academic performance and research promise may be admitted to the Ph.D. program without completing the master's program. Normal Ph.D. program requirements, as stated below, will apply. Each case will be considered on an individual basis for advanced standing in the Ph.D. program. Advanced standing will be considered for a maximum of 1.5 credits.

Applicants who have completed a thesis-based master's program in business or a related area may have their program requirements, as set out below, adjusted at the time of admission.

All Ph.D. candidates, regardless of their previous field of specialization, are expected to have or to acquire a basic knowledge of statistics and at least two of the following areas of management: finance, marketing, organizational behaviour, management science, information systems, and productions/operations management. Students will be admitted to the program with a course of study designed where appropriate to supplement previous education, experience, and training.

The School requires that all applicants submit scores obtained in the Graduate Management Admission Test (GMAT) offered by the Education Testing Service of Princeton, New Jersey. Successful candidates will normally have a GMAT score of at least 600. All applicants whose native tongue is not English must be tested for proficiency in the English language and obtain a minimum score of 550 on the TOEFL, or its equivalent. (See General Regulations on p.54.)

Deadline for applications is March 1 for Fall term admissions and October 1 for Winter term admissions. Applicants for Fall term, wishing to be considered for financial assistanc e must submit their completed applications before December 1.

Program Requirements

The program requirements for the Ph.D. in Management are:

  • 10.0 credits comprised of the following: 1.5 credits in research and analysis methods; 1.5 credits of seminar courses in functional areas of business; 1.0 credit from a selection of advanced course electives in the School of Business; and 1.0 credit of free electives which must be approved by the thesis supervisor;
  • A thesis normally equivalent to 5.0 of the 10.0 required credits, which must be defended at an oral examination;
  • One written and one oral comprehensive examination;
  • Participation in the School of Business seminar series on current business issues for one year;
  • Participation in a seminar series on, and classroom experience in, teaching methods;
  • Presentation and oral defence of the thesis proposal.

Course Requirements

All students in the doctoral program are required to complete successfully:

The following 0.5 credit courses:

  • BUSI 6902, BUSI 6907 and either BUSI 6905 or BUSI 6906. Note: Students who have not successfully completed BUSI 5903 (or the equivalent) must do so before enrolling in BUSI 6905;
  • 1.5 credits of advanced seminars including at least one two-course sequence, from the following doctoral seminar courses:BUSI 6100 and BUSI 6101; BUSI 6200 and BUSI 6201; BUSI 6300 and BUSI 6301; BUSI 6400 and BUSI 6401; BUSI 6500 and BUSI 6501;
  • 1.0 credit from the following list of advanced seminars: BUSI 6701; BUSI 6702;BUSI 6703; BUSI 6704; BUSI 6801;BUSI 6802; BUSI 6803; BUSI 6804;BUSI 6805.

Students are strongly encouraged to complete 0.5 credit chosen from BUSI 6701, BUSI 6702,BUSI 6703, or BUSI 6704, a series of courses which focuses on the dimensions of complex problem representation and analysis. Students are also strongly encouraged to complete 0.5 c redit chosen from BUSI 6801, BUSI 6802, BUSI 6803, BUSI 6804, or BUSI 6805, a series of courses oriented to specific management issues.

The remaining 1.0 credit elective, chosen with the approval of the thesis supervisor to assist in the thesis research process, normally will be chosen from either those courses at the 5000- or 6000-level in the School of Business listed above, or from outside the School in a supporting discipline or in the area of statistics.


All Ph.D. candidates are required to complete successfully a thesis normally equivalent to a minimum of 5.0 credits on a topic approved by the School. Students with appropriate background will be reviewed for possible adjustment of thesis weight.

Comprehensive Examinations

All Ph.D. candidates are required to successfully complete one written and one oral examination. The written examination will consist of a major essay that provides a comprehensive analytical review of the literature in an area of the student's specialization. The issues dealt with in the essay will be distinct from the student's thesis topic. The submission of the essay will be followed within three to four weeks by a comprehensive oral examination. In addition to questions based on the written portion, the oral comprehensive will include questions on peripheral topics previously assigned by the student's comprehensive examination committee.

The comprehensive examinations must be completed successfully before the Ph.D. proposal defence is scheduled. In normal circumstances, the oral defence must occur within four calendar terms of the student's initial registration in the Ph.D. program. Students who do not fulfill this requirement may be asked to withdraw from the program.

Academic Standing

Doctoral students must normally obtain a grade of B- or better in each credit, and Satisfactory on the comprehensive examinations, the Ph.D. thesis and its oral defence.

Graduate Courses

Not all of the following courses are offered in a given year. For an up-to-date statement of course offerings for 2004-2005 and to determine the term of offering, consult the Registration Instructions and Class Schedule booklet, published in the summer and also available online at

Course Designation System

Carleton's course designation system has been restructured. The first entry of each course description below is the new alphanumeric Carleton course code, followed by its credit value in brackets. The old Carleton course number (in parentheses) is included for reference, where applicable.

BUSI 5000 [0.5 credit]
Strategic Performance Measurement and Evaluation
Effective performance measurement is essential for strategic management of organizational change in an increasingly dynamic environment. Emphasis is on the design and use of balanced, strategically aligned, performance measures for resource allocation, risk management, control, performance evaluation, and incentive compensation.
BUSI 5100 [0.5 credit] (formerly 42.510)
Theories in Organizational Behaviour
Theories and issues related to the management of individuals, teams, and small groups in organizations. Potential topics include personality and individual differences, attitudes, motivation, learning, job design, leadership, communication, decision-making, teams and small group behavior, careers, conflict and stress.
BUSI 5101 [0.5 credit] (formerly 42.511)
Theories of Organizational Design
A study of theories explaining and shaping the modern organization designs in the technologically advanced countries. Management structures and processes and with potential for meeting the challenges of global economy are analyzed.
BUSI 5200 [0.5 credit] (formerly 42.520)
Seminar in Marketing
Builds awareness of key marketing theory; assesses emerging thinking about the functioning, role, and tools of marketing. Topics emphasized include innovation theory, relationship marketing, new product introduction, marketing in a variety of sectors, such as, technology, services, and government, and the application of technology in marketing.
BUSI 5201 [0.5 credit] (formerly 42. 521)
Contemporary Marketing Thought
Topics may include the development of paradigms in marketing, business to business marketing, recent advances in consumer behaviour, acquisition of information from the external environment, the influence of societal and environmental developments upon marketing, and new directions in marketing theory and practice.
BUSI 5300 [0.5 credit] (formerly 42.530)
Managing the Multinational Enterprise
Issues in the management of Canadian and foreign multinational enterprises, including productivity in multi-site environments, international human resource management, international strategic planning, cross-national business negotiations, and managing cultural differences and their impact on the basic managerial functions.
BUSI 5301 [0.5 credit] (formerly 42.531)
Seminar in International Business Management
Current international business topics. These change over time and may include management and marketing across different cultures, market selection and expansion modes, financing and marketing strategies, international diffusion of innovations, free trade blocs, and trends in global and Canadian trade and investment.
BUSI 5400 [0.5 credit] (formerly 42.540)
Seminar in Information Systems Management
Major issues in the management of information technology, including: organization of information services, planning, management, and administration of information resources, assimilation and diffusion of information technology, integration of information services; and current opportunities and concerns in information services.
BUSI 5401 [0.5 credit] (formerly 42.541)
Current Topics in Business Information Systems
Trends and issues associated with business information systems within organizations. It covers topics such as analysis and design of information systems, end-user computing, databases, and telecommunicati ons. It may also include topics such as emerging technologies, knowledge-based systems and electronic commerce.
BUSI 5500 [0.5 credit] (formerly 42.550)
Seminar in Finance
Analysis of contemporary theory of finance. This analysis includes: the examination of innovations in corporate financing, financial planning, financing strategies, valuation of contingent claims, implications of agency theory, etc. Emphasis on financial decision of technology-based firms.
BUSI 5501 [0.5 credit] (formerly 42.551)
Current Topics in Financial Research
This course examines research and empirical issues in investments, portfolio management, corporate finance, and capital markets. Particular emphasis will be placed on innovative research methods and financial innovations.
BUSI 5600 [0.5 credit] (formerly 42.560)
Seminar in Production and Operations Management
An introduction to the philosophies, methods, and techniques of modern production and operations management. Design issues involving products, plants, equipment, layout, work organization, and their interrelations. Operational questions involving the planning and control of production, inventories, and product quality.
Prerequisite: graduate standing with Business BUSI 3300 or equivalent.
BUSI 5601 [0.5 credit] (formerly 42.561)
Strategic Management of Manufacturing Technology and Productivity
Manufacturing strategies related to changes in facilities, location, production technologies, sourcing arrangements and manufacturing infrastructure. Other topics include adoption and implementation of new technologies, and interactions with research and development.
BUSI 5700 [0.5 credit] (formerly 42.570)
Seminar in Management of Research and Development
Examines the mission of research and development, the management of research and development groups, the creation of technology and its deployment, specific managerial problems in the management of design and development activities, and the basic and applied research which supports these activities.
Prerequisite: Graduate standing with Business BUSI 3300 or equivalent.
BUSI 5701 [0.5 credit] (formerly 42.571)
Current Topics in Research and Development and Innovation Diffusion
Concepts, theories, and methods of efficiently managing the technological innovation cycle, the innovation monitoring system incorporating the critical factors that signal the possible success or failure of a developing project, quality in research and development, technology transfer and models of the diffusion of an innovation.
BUSI 5800 [0.5 credit] (formerly 42.580)
Seminar in Decision Analysis
The analysis of decisions and the assessment of the quality of management systems based on the decisions they make. Topics include decision making and decision modeling, problem representation, and multi-attribute utility theory. All theoretical concepts will be illustrated using intuitive examples and practical applications.
BUSI 5805 [0.5 credit]
Innovation Management
The commercialization of product, service and process innovation, and change management for the strategic advantage of the organization. Draws from the areas of organizational behaviour, marketing, and management of technology.
BUSI 5806 [0.5 credit]
Managing Transformational Change
Business problems and opportunities related to change management that arise from a number of sources both inside and outside the organization. Draws primarily on the disciplines of strategy, micro and macro organizational behaviour, and marketing.
BUSI 5807 [0.5 credit]
Digital Business
Strategic and operational issues of value chain management driven by information networks. Addresses the combination o f market positioning issues (the front end) with operational capabilities (the back end). Draws mainly from information systems, strategy, marketing and operations management.
BUSI 5808 [0.5 credit]
Enterprise Development
The profitable growth of an enterprise from startup through to maturity. Specific topics include financing and managing growth, and the role of entrepreneurial leaders in the creation of value. Draws mainly from finance, organizational behaviour, strategy and marketing.
BUSI 5900 [0.5 credit] (formerly 42.590)
Tutorials/Directed Studies in Business
Tutorials or directed readings in selected areas of business, involving presentation of papers as the basis for discussion with the tutor. A requirement for the course may be participation in an advanced business course at the undergraduate level.
BUSI 5901 [0.5 credit]
Special Topics
New and emerging issues in selected areas of business studies will be examined. Integrative problems involving two or more areas of business studies may also be explored. The topics covered may vary from year to year.
Prerequisite: permission of the School.
BUSI 5902 [0.5 credit] (formerly 42.592)
Business Research Methods
A consideration of the basic issues of scientific research as applied to business problems. The course includes a discussion of the logic of scientific research, proof and verification, hypothesis testing, the logic of statistical inference, and research design.
BUSI 5903 [0.5 credit] (formerly 42.593)
Multivariate Statistics for Business Research
Classical methods of multivariate statistics, including multiple regression, with an emphasis on: assumptions and coping with violations; developing a theoretical understanding of the methods; developing practical computer-based data analysis skills. Provides the background for studying more advanced statisti cal topics.
BUSI 5907 [0.5 credit] (formerly 42.597)
M.B.A. Thesis Tutorial
A seminar designed to help the student formulate and evaluate specific research topics. The successful submission of a thesis proposal is necessary for the completion of the course.
BUSI 5908 [1.0 credit] (formerly 42.598)
M.B.A. Research Project
BUSI 5909 (formerly 42.599)
M.B.A. Thesis Research
Prerequisite: BUSI 5907.
BUSI 6100 [0.5 credit] (formerly 42.610)
Seminar in Modern Organization Theory
The development of post-structuralist organization theory is examined. Theories of organizational culture and symbolism, political theories of organization, ethnomethodological, decision-based and population ecology approaches are investigated. The social, economic, and intellectual forces shaping organization theory provides a major focus.
BUSI 6101 [0.5 credit] (formerly 42.611)
Current Topics in Organizational Behaviour
Current topics and debates in the research on organizational behaviour. Potential topics include motivation, learning, communication, decision-making, small group behaviour, leadership, careers, power and conflict.
BUSI 6200 [0.5 credit] (formerly 42.620)
Seminar in Marketing I
Focuses on marketing theory, history, and current developments through the analysis, synthesis, and extension of theoretical and empirical papers on: the marketing concept, the role of marketing in various types of organizations, defining and segmenting markets; managing new product introductions, established products and marketing planning.
BUSI 6201 [0.5 credit] (formerly 42.621)
Seminar in Marketing II
Marketing decision-making practice and theory in business and not-for-profit organizations in such areas as consumer decision-making, organizational decision-making, analytical methods, and research methods to aid in marketing decision-making.
BUSI 6300 [0.5 credit] (formerly 42.630)
Seminar in Management of Production/Operations I: Strategic Management of Production Systems
The course focuses on developing the firm's strategies with respect to facilities, locations, production technologies, and sourcing arrangements. Also recent develo pments in management policies and practices that enable the production systems to operate at full potential in the wake of time- and quality-based competition.
BUSI 6301 [0.5 credit] (formerly 42.631)
Seminar in Management of Production/Operations II: Production/Technology/Strategy Interface
The evolution and management of process innovation; management of productivity using production technologies; integration of production strategy and technology; and interactions with research and development. Topics include quality function deployment and the deployment of process innovations.
BUSI 6400 [0.5 credit] (formerly 42.640)
Seminar in Information Systems I: Information and Computing Technologies in Management
This course deals with research into the role of computing and communications technologies and information systems in the functioning of organizations and managers. Current developments in the information systems field will be analyzed and discussed.
BUSI 6401 [0.5 credit] (formerly 42.641)
Seminar in Information Systems II: Analysis and Design of Information Systems
Theory and practice concerning factors determining the effective use of computing technologies, particularly on the match between the information systems and its users.
BUSI 6500 [0.5 credit] (formerly 42.650)
Seminar in Finance I
Selected topics in financial theory. Specific topics are chosen according to new developments in theory and with the interests of the students in mind. These may include theory of derivatives, pricing theory, information asymmetries, agency theory, economic efficiency, and empirical methods.
BUSI 6501 [0.5 credit] (formerly 42.651)
Seminar in Finance II
A seminar designed to expose students to such emerging areas in finance as total quality management, left-hand financing, activity-based costing, multi-criteria decision-making, neural netw orks, etc. Integrative problems spanning two or more functional disciplines in management, such as taxation, are also explored.
BUSI 6701 [0.5 credit] (formerly 42.671)
Choice Behaviour
Examines choice behaviour from a variety of disciplines. Topics covered may include individual choice models in economics, Von-Neumann-Morgenstern utility, Luce Choice Axiom and its extensions, multi-criteria individual choice behaviour, and multi-criteria group choice behaviour.
BUSI 6702 [0.5 credit] (formerly 42.672)
Analysis and Representation of Complex Problems
This course uses qualitative and quantitative techniques and theoretical frameworks to represent organizational systems, problems and decisions that executives and managers face. The qualitative models are viewed as primary, providing the setting for the quantitative models, selection of choice mechanism, and interpretation of solutions.
BUSI 6703 [0.5 credit] (formerly 42.673)
Systems Concepts in Management
In this course a unified outlook toward management theory is developed through specifying system variables, components, boundaries and limitations. The importance of computer-based systems for analyzing and managing integrated systems will be examined in the context of control, decision-making and model-building.
BUSI 6704 [0.5 credit] (formerly 42.674)
Managing the Change Process
This course deals with both the process of organizational change and the external forces which drive such changes. Topics include both micro and macro theories of change and issues around change management such as leadership and resistance to change.
BUSI 6801 [0.5 credit] (formerly 42.681)
Management of Technology
Introduction to issues in the management of technology. Topics include: technology strategy and policy, technology forecasting and planning, the process of technology innovation from concept to market, research and development management, technology adoption, diffusion and implementation, technology transfer, and technology and social issues.
BUSI 6802 [0.5 credit] (formerly 42.682)
Women in Management
An exploration of the research and organizational challenges arising from changing gender roles. Topics include: the sex segregation of work, gender differences in management styles, work-family conflict, women's careers, managing sexual harassment, employment equity and pay equity.
BUSI 6803 [0.5 credit] (formerly 42.683)
Corporate Strategy and Policy
This seminar focuses on the most important contributions concerning theories of the firm, origins of the modern corporation, analysis of the external environment, industry analysis, value chain analysis, resource-based theory, distinctions between corporate and business strategy, economies of scope, diversification and sustainable competitive advantage.
BUSI 6804 [0.5 credit] (formerly 42.684)
International Business Strategy
An advanced examination of contemporary theory on international business expansion. Topics include trade and investment flow interactions; expansion modes, location theory, and sequential expansion; globalization, consumer behaviour, and culture; trans-border information flows; internationalization by firm size; strategic alliances; and free trade blocs.
BUSI 6805 [0.5 credit] (formerly 42.685)
Canadian Business Competitiveness
Competitiveness at the country, industry, and firm levels, examined in the context of Canada's unique characteristics from various domestic and international perspectives including industrial organization theory, comparative perspectives on industrial concentration, internalization theory, Porter's competitiveness diamond, business-government interactions,and government support programs for business.
BUSI 6806 [0.5 credit]
An examination of research in entrepreneurship focusing on theory building and empirical testing of factors that shapes the identification, evaluation and exploitation of opportunities and the creation of new organizations. Topics include: environmental influences on formation and growth, theories of growth and entrepreneurial clustering.
BUSI 6900 [0.5 credit] (formerly 42.690)
Directed Readings

Directed readings in selected areas of business, involving presentation of papers as the basis for discussion. A part of the requirement for the course may be participation in an advanced course at the undergraduate/graduate level.
Prerequisite: permission of the School.
BUSI 6901 [0.5 credit] (formerly 42.691)
Special Topics
Designed to expose students to new and emerging issues in selected areas of business research. Integrative problems involving two or more areas of business research are also explored. The topics covered may vary from year to year.
Prerequisite: permission of the School.
BUSI 6902 [0.5 credit] (formerly 42.692)
Research Methodology in Business
The study of research techniques commonly used in research on business and management issues. The development of knowledge of these methodologies and their application, as well as their possible use in the thesis research of the student are the two main goals of this course.
BUSI 6905 [0.5 credit] (formerly 42.695)
Advanced Statistical Methods for Business Research
A practical introduction to advanced statistical methods used in business research, with particular focus on discrete categorical data. Topics include the analysis of two-way and three-way tables; loglinear modeling; logistic regression; generalized linear models. Students will analyze real data using appropriate software packages.
BUSI 6906 [0.5 credit] (formerly 42.696)
Advanced Methods and Model s of Management Science
Advanced study of decision-making under certainty and uncertainty. Topics include: constrained and unconstrained optimization; project management; scheduling and facilities location; multi-objective dynamic programming; multi-attribute utility theory; discrete choice. Links between theory and application will be illustrated through case studies and applied modeling.
BUSI 6907 [0.5 credit] (formerly 42.697)
Ph.D. Thesis Tutorial
An intensive preparation for Ph.D. thesis research, under the direction of one or more members of the School. The successful submission of a thesis proposal is necessary for the completion of the course.
BUSI 6908 (formerly 42.698)
Ph.D. Comprehensives
Preparation for comprehensive examinations.
BUSI 6909 (formerly 42.699)
Ph.D. Thesis
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