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2009-2010 Undergraduate Calendar

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Earth Sciences (ERTH)

Department of Earth Sciences
Faculty of Science

ERTH 3112 [0.5 credit]

Paleontology and Evolution of Lower Vertebrates

An introduction to fossil vertebrates, including fish, amphibians and reptiles, concentrating on anatomy, functional morphology, origins, evolution and systematics; and, transitions into new adaptive zones and associated environmental factors.
Prerequisites: BIOL 2001 (may be taken concurrently), or permission of the Department.
Lectures two hours a week and a laboratory three hours a week. May be offered in alternate years.

Summer session: some of the courses listed in this Calendar are offered during the summer. Hours and scheduling for summer session courses will differ significantly from those reported in the fall/winter Calendar. To determine the scheduling and hours for summer session classes, consult the class schedule at

Not all courses listed are offered in a given year. For an up-to-date statement of course offerings for the current session and to determine the term of offering, consult the class schedule at

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